Application of Recombinant Antigens for the Diagnosis of Acute Epstein-Barr Virus Infection

  • Walter Hinderer
  • Günter Siegl
Part of the Applied Virology Research book series (AVIR, volume 3)

Abstract

Primary infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can manifest as infectious mononucleosis (= mononucleosis infectiosa, morbus Pfeiffer, kissing disease, glandular fever) and can present with fever, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, lymphadenopathy, malaise, headache, myalgia, spleno- and hepatomegaly, rash, and leucocytosis. During childhood an EBV primary infection is mostly a mild or asymptomatic event, but even in adults severe complications are rarely observed. In the course of primary infection B-lymphocytes as well as oropharyngeal and probably also nasopharyngeal and salivary epithelial cells will be infected, and virus may persist in such cells for the entire life of the individual. Approximately 90% of the human population is infected and is thus capable of transmitting the virus for life. In general, the transmission does not occur by flighty contacts, but needs a close connexion of oral surfaces, e. g. during kissing (for reviews see Cheeseman, 1988 and Sumaya, 1989).

Keywords

Infectious Mononucleosis Recombinant Antigen Western Blot Experiment Early Antigen Virus Capsid Antigen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Hinderer
    • 1
  • Günter Siegl
    • 2
  1. 1.BIOTEST AG, Research Dept.DreieichGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Clinical Microbiology and ImmunolologySt. GallenSwitzerland

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