High Resolution, Long-Period Modelling of Photochemical Oxidants over Europe

  • Joakim Langner
  • Christer Persson
  • Lennart Robertson
Part of the NATO • Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 22)

Abstract

Concentrations of surface ozone over Europe currently exceeds the critical levels over which damage to vegetation and health may occur in many locations. This is true also in northern Europe and over Sweden regarding critical levels for vegetation and also occasionally, during summer in southern Sweden, regarding critical levels for human health. Optimising measures to reduce these exeedances, both nationally and internationally, requires a better understanding of the importance of various types of precursor emissions and processes influencing the distribution of photochemical oxidants.

Keywords

Surface Ozone Photochemical Oxidant Advective Flux High Ozone Concentration Scavenge Coefficient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bott, A., 1989a, A positive definite advection scheme obtained by nonlinear renormalization of the advective fluxes, Mon. Wea. Rew. 117:1006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bott, A., 1989b, Reply. Notes and correspondance, Mon. Wea. Rew. 117:2626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Builtjes, P.J., Stern, R.M., and Pankrath, J., PHOXA: The use of a photochemical dispersion model for several episodes in North-Western Europe, in Air Pollution Modelling and its Application, Vol VI, H. van Dop, ed., Plenum Press, New York (1988).Google Scholar
  4. Langner, J., Persson, C., and Robertson, L., 1995, Concentration and deposition of acidyfying air pollutants over Sweden: Estimates for 1991 based on the MATCH model and observations, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 85:2021.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Robertson, L., Langner J., and Enghardt M., 1996, MATCH-Meso-scale atmospheric transport and chemistry modelling system. Basic transport model description and control experiments with Rn222. Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute RMK-70.Google Scholar
  6. Robertson, L., Rodhe, H., and Granat, L., 1995, Modelling of sulfur deposition in the southern Asian region, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 85:2337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Simpson, D., 1992, Long-period modelling of photochemical oxidants in Europe. Model calculations for July 1985. Atmos. Environ. 26A:1609.Google Scholar
  8. Simpson, D., 1995, Biogenic emissions in Europe. 2. Implications for ozone control strategies. J. Geophys. Res. 100:22, 891.Google Scholar
  9. Simpson, D., Andersson-Sköld Y. and Jenkin M. E., 1993, Updating the chemical scheme for the EMEP MSC-W oxidant model: current status. EMEP MSC-W Note 2/93.Google Scholar
  10. Zlatev, Z, Christensen, J., and Eliassen, A., 1993, Studying high ozone concentrations by using the Danish eulerian model, Atmos. Environ, 27A:845.Google Scholar
  11. Verver, J.G., Blom, J.G., van Loon, M., and Spee, E.J., A comparison of stiff ODE solvers fo atmospheric chemistry problems, Atmos. Environ. 30:49.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joakim Langner
    • 1
  • Christer Persson
    • 1
  • Lennart Robertson
    • 1
  1. 1.Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological InstituteNorrköpingSweden

Personalised recommendations