Hemispheric-Scale Modelling of Sulphate and Black Carbon and their Direct Radiative Effects

  • Trond Iversen
  • Alf Kirkevåg
  • Øyvind Seland
Part of the NATO • Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 22)

Abstract

Airborne particulate matter is abundant in the atmosphere, with a typical spatial variability which reflects the relatively short atmospheric residence time on the order of a week. Natural aerosol particles originate from wind-blown dust in continental areas, from sea-spray over oceans, and from gas-to-particle conversions in the air. Man-made aerosol particles is mainly produced by gas-to-particle conversions, except for local scale dispersion of giant particles which is not included in our work.

Keywords

Black Carbon Biomass Burning Cloud Droplet Particulate Sulphate Aerosol Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Trond Iversen
    • 1
  • Alf Kirkevåg
    • 1
  • Øyvind Seland
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeophysicsUniversity of OsloBlindernOsloNorway

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