A Reentry Plume Fumigation Model in a Lakeshore Environment

  • Hua Wang
  • John H. Christiansen
Part of the NATO · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 10)

Abstract

In a lakeshore environment, the airflow continuously readjusts itself to underlying surface characteristics as it crosses the surface discontinuity between land and water. The sudden change in surface roughness and temperature can result in significant modifications to the wind flow field and its mechanical and thermal turbulence levels and consequently, can affect the dispersive capabilities of the atmosphere. During persistent stable onshore gradient flow conditions, a thermal internal boundary layer (TIBL) will be developed over land. This layer typically starts at the shore and increases in height as a function of inland distance. For a tall stack situated near the shore, fumigation and trapping of the plume within the TIBL are likely to result in very high ground-level pollutant concentrations.

Keywords

Stable Layer Plume Height Plume Rise Downwind Distance Plume Dispersion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bierly, E.W., and E.W., Hewson, 1962, Some restrictive meteorological conditions to be considered in the design of stacks, J. Appl. Meteor., 1, 383:390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Briggs, G.A., 1969, “Plume rise,” U.S. AEC Critical Review Series, TID-25075, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Briggs, G.A., 1972, Discussions of chimney plumes in neutral and stable surroundings. Atmospheric Environment, 6, 507:510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Briggs, G.A., 1975, Plume rise predictions, in: “Lectures on Air Pollution and Environmental Impact Analyses,” American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass, 59:111.Google Scholar
  5. Cole, H.S., and W.A., Lyons, 1972, The impact of the Great Lakes on the air quality of urban shoreline areas — some practical application with regard to air pollution control policy and environmental decision making, in: “Proceedings of the 15th Conference on Great Lakes Research,” International Association of Great Lakes Research, Ann Arbor, Mich, 436:463.Google Scholar
  6. Gifford, F.A. 1975, Atmospheric dispersion models for environmental pollution applications, in: “Lectures on Air Pollution and Environmental Impact Analyses,” American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 35:58.Google Scholar
  7. Irwin, J.S., 1979, Estimating plume dispersion — a recommended generalized scheme, in: “Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium on Turbulence, Diffusion, and Air Pollution,” American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 62:69.Google Scholar
  8. Lyons, W.A., and Cole, H.S., 1973, Fumigation and plume trapping on the shores of Lake Michigan during stable onshore flow. J.Appl. Meteor., 12, 494:510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Misra, P.K., 1980, Dispersion from tall stacks into a shoreline environment. Atmospheric Environment, 14, 397:400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Pasquill, F., 1976, “Atmospheric dispersion parameters in Gaussian plume modeling, part II,” EPA-600/4–76–030b, Environmental Sciences Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C.Google Scholar
  11. Turner, D.B., 1970, “Workbook of atmospheric dispersion estimates,” AP-26, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C.Google Scholar
  12. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1972, “On-site meteorological program, Regulatory Guide 1.23,” Office of Standards Development, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  13. Van der Hoven, I., 1967, Atmospheric transport and diffusion at coastal sites, Nuclear Safety, 8, 490:499.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hua Wang
    • 1
  • John H. Christiansen
    • 1
  1. 1.Dames & MooreRidgeUSA

Personalised recommendations