Predation on Bacteria Possessing S-Layers

  • Susan F. Koval
Chapter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 252)

Abstract

Bacteria in many habitats — terrestrial or aquatic (marine or freshwater) -are likely to find themselves in the company of potential predators. Bdellovibrio spp. are gram-negative eubacteria that are predacious upon other gram-negative eubacteria. Free-living phagotrophic protozoa are an important part of the microbial food cycle because they graze (feed) upon smaller protozoa and bacteria. It is important to ask if paracrystalline protein surface arrays (S-layers) serve as a protective barrier against predation by Bdellovibrio or protozoa. Specific descriptions of bacterial S-layers often postulate functions but these are rarely tested. Studies involving predation provide an excellent opportunity to experimentally assay a specific function. The abundance of S-layers in nature indicates that they must fulfil vital selective functions.

Keywords

Food Vacuole Ciliated Protozoan Caulobacter Crescentus Prey Cell Protozoan Grazing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beveridge, T.J., 1979, Surface arrays on the wall of Sporosarcina ureae, J. Bacteriol. 139: 1039.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Fenchel, T., 1980a, Suspension feeding in ciliated protozoa: functional response and particle size selection, Microb. Ecol. 6: 1.Google Scholar
  3. Fenchel, T., 1980b, Suspension feeding in ciliated protozoa: feeding rates and their ecological significance, Microb. Ecol. 6: 13.Google Scholar
  4. Fenchel, T., 1987, Ecology of Protozoa: the biology of free-living phagotrophic protists, Madison/Springer-Verlag, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gray, KM., and Ruby, E.G., 1991, Intercellular signalling in the Bdellovibrio developmental life cycle, in: “Microbial Cell-Cell Interactions”, M. Dworkin, ed., pp. 333–366, American Society for Microbiology, Washington.Google Scholar
  6. Ishiguro, E.E., Kay, W.W., Ainsworth, T., Chamberlain, J.B., Austen, R.A., Buckley, J.T., and Trust, T.J., 1981, Loss of virulence during culture of Aeromonas salmonicida at high temperature, J. Bacteriol. 148: 333.Google Scholar
  7. Kist, M.L, and Murray, R.G.E., 1984, Components of the regular surface array of Aquaspirillum serpens MW5 and their assembly in vitro, J. Bacteriol. 157: 599.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Koval, S.F., and Murray, R.G.E., 1981, Cell wall proteins of Aquaspirillum serpens, J Bacteriol. 146: 1083.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Koval, S.F., and Murray, R.G.E., 1984, The isolation of surface array proteins from bacteria, Can. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 62: 1181.Google Scholar
  10. Koval, S.F., and Hynes, S.H., 1991, Effect of paracrystalline protein surface layers on predation by Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus, J. Bacteriol. 173: 2244.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Messner, P., and Sleytr, U.B., 1992, Crystalline bacterial cell-surface layers, Adv. Microbial Physiol. 33: 213.Google Scholar
  12. Nilsson, J.R., 1987, Structural aspects of digestion of Escherichia coli in Tetrahymena, J. Protozool. 34: 1.Google Scholar
  13. Ruby, E.G., 1992, The genus Bdellovibrio, in: The Prokaryotes“, 2nd Edition, vol.4, A. Balows, H.G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder, and K-H. Schleifer, eds., pp. 3400–3415, Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Sanders, R.W., 1988, Feeding by Cyclidium sp. (Ciliophora, Scuticociliatida) on particles of different sizes and surface properties, Bull. Marine Sci. 43: 446.Google Scholar
  15. Scherr, B.F., Scherr, E.B., and Fallon, R.D., 1987, Use of monodispersed fluorescently labelled bacteria to estimate in situ protozoan bacterivory, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 53: 958.Google Scholar
  16. Smith, S.H., and Murray, R.G.E., 1990, The structure and associations of the double S-layer on the cell wall of Aquaspirillum sinuosum, Can. J. Microbiol. 36: 327.Google Scholar
  17. Stolp, H., 1981, The genus Bdellovibrio, in: ‘The Prokaryotes“, 1st Edition, vol. 1, M.P. Starr, H. Stolp, H.G. Trüper, A. Balows, and H.G. Schlegel, eds., pp. 618–629, Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Thomashow, M.F., and Rittenberg, S.C., 1979, The intraperiplasmic growth cycle–the life style of the bdellovibrios, in: “Developmental Biology of Prokaryotes”, J.H. Parish, ed., pp. 115–138, University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  19. Tudor, J.J., McCann, M.P., and Acrich, I.A., 1990, A new model for the penetration of prey cells by bdellovibrios, J. Bacteriol. 172: 2421.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Varon, M., and Shilo, M., 1980, Ecology of the aquatic bdellovibrios, in: “Advances in Aquatic Microbiology”, vol. 2, M.P. Droop, and H.W. Jannasch, eds., pp. 148, Academic Press Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  21. Yamada, H., Tsukagoshi, N., and Udaka, S., 1981, Morphological alterations of cell wall concomitant with protein release in a protein-producing bacterium, Bacillus brevis 47, J. Bacteriol. 148: 322.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan F. Koval
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada

Personalised recommendations