In the construction of highways, particularly at ramps, bridges and crossovers
Where temporary working space is required in which to construct the underground areas of a building or other structure
At the exterior walls of basements of buildings and at interior areas such as elevator pits, pipe tunnels, and other mechanical spaces
As part of the architectural treatment of the overall development of the site
Where bulkheads are required for the control of water and land erosion in coastal areas
KeywordsEarth Pressure Lateral Pressure Concrete Slab Filter Material Basement Wall
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