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Micelles and Reversed Micelles: A Historical Overview

  • Per Stenius
Chapter
Part of the Forschung Soziologie book series

Abstract

This is a review of the historical development of models for micelle formation in aqueous solution, lyotropic liquid crystals, reversed micelles and microemulsions. The current model of micelle formation was suggested about fifty years ago, while the quantitative development of thermodynamic and kinetic models is relatively recent. A very important development was the mapping of complete phase equilibria of surfactant/water/amphiphilic or non-polar solvent systems that was started about thirty years ago. At about the same time, the structure of lyotropic liquid crystals formed in such systems was clarified. Investigations of surfactant association in organic solvents in the presence of water were begun already in the 1930’s but so far these studies have not yielded a comprehensive description of the structure and properties of the different association structures that may occur. Recent thermodynamic and spectroscopic studies indicate that it is not possible to assume that well-defined spherical aggregates are always formed when large amounts of water are incorporated into the solutions. A very important research topic appears to be the structure and dynamics of the surfactant layer between oil and water domains in isotropic solutions of surfactant (and co-surfactant), oil and water.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Stenius
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Surface ChemistryStockholmSweden

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