Belief in a Just World: A Hybrid of Justice Motive and Self-Interest?

  • Leo Montada
Part of the Critical Issues in Social Justice book series (CISJ)

Abstract

Ever since I read Melvin Lerner’s article “The Justice Motive” (1977) I was fascinated by this construct, especially because it represented a contrast to “self-interest”—the basic motivation postulated in the Economic Model of Man and in Rational Choice Theory. I became convinced that it would be very worthwhile to contribute to the establishment of this construct as a basic human motivation in the Social Sciences.

Keywords

Life Satisfaction Foreign Worker Justice Principle Equity Principle Responsibility Attribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bartos, M. (1992). Gerechtigkeitsüberzeugungen, Kontrollüberzeugungen und handlungsleitende Kognitionen als Faktoren von Prosozialität. Unv. Dipl.arbeit, Univ. Trier.Google Scholar
  2. Bierhoff, H.W. (1980). Hilfreiches Verhalten. Darmstadt: UBT.Google Scholar
  3. Dalbert, C. (1996). Über den Umgang mit Ungerechtigkeit: Eine psychologische Analyse. Bern: Huber.Google Scholar
  4. Dalbert, C., Montada, L., and Schmitt, M. (1987). Glaube an eine gerechte Welt als Motiv:Google Scholar
  5. Validierungskorrelate zweier Skalen. Psychologische Beiträge, 29, 596–615.Google Scholar
  6. Furnham, A. and Procter, E. (1992). Sphere-specific just world beliefs and attitudes to Aids. Human Relations, 45, 265–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Knerr, I. (1986). Analyse von Einstellungen zu Vergewaltigungen. Unv. Dipl.arbeit, Univ. Trier.Google Scholar
  8. Kordmann, P. (1991). Determinanten der Opferbeurteilung: Einflüsse von Gerechtigkeitsund Kontrollüberzeugungen auf den Attributionsprozeß. Unv. Dipl.arbeit, Univ. Trier.Google Scholar
  9. Lipkus, I. (1991). The construction and preliminary validation of a global belief in a just world scale and the exploratory analysis of the multidimensional belief in a just world scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 1171–1178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lerner, M.J. (1977). The justice motive. Some hypotheses as to its origins and forms. Journal of Personality, 45, 1–32.Google Scholar
  11. Lerner, M.J. and Lerner, S.C. (eds.). 1981 ). The justice motive in social behavior. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  12. Lerner, M.J. and Miller, D.T. (1978). Just world research and the attribution process: Looking back and looking ahead. Psychological Bulletin, 85, 1030–1051.Google Scholar
  13. Maes, J. (1994). Blaming the victim-belief in control or belief in Justice? Social Justice Research, 7, 69–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Maes, J. (1996). Reaktionen auf die Viktimisierung anderer am Beispiel schwerer Krebserkrankungen: Der Einfluss von Gerechte-Welt-und Kontrollüberzeugungen. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Universitat Trier.Google Scholar
  15. Maes, J. and Montada, L. (1989). Verantwortlichkeit für “Schicksalsschläge”: Eine Pilotsstudie. Psychologische Beiträge, 31, 107–124.Google Scholar
  16. Miller, D. T. (1977). Altruis and threat to a Belief in a Just World. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 13, 113–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Montada, L. (1992). Attribution of responsibility for losses and perceived injustice. In. L. Montada, S.-H. Filipp and M.J. Lerner (Eds.), Life crises and the experience of loss in adulthood (pp. 133–162 ). Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  18. Montada, L. (1994). Injustice in harm and loss. Social Justice Research, 7, 5–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Montada, L., Schmitt, M., and Dalbert, C. (1986). Thinking about justice and dealing with one’s own privileges: A study of existential guilt. In H.W. Bierhoff, R. Cohen, and J. Greenberg (Eds.), Justice in social relations (pp. 125–143 ). New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Montada, L. and Figura, E. (1988). Some psychological factors underlying the request for social isolation of Ais victims (Berichte aus der Arbeitsgruppe “Verantwortung, Gerechtigkeit, Moral” Nr. 50 ). Trier: Universität Trier, Fachbereich I - Psychologie.Google Scholar
  21. Montada, L. and Schneider, A. (1989). Justice and emotional reactions to the disadvantaged. Social Justice Research, 3, 313–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Montada, L., Hermes, H., and Schmal, A. (1990). Ausgrenzung von AIDS-Opfern: Erkrankungsängste oder Vorurteile gegenüber Risikogruppen (Berichte aus der Arbeitsgruppe “Verantwortung, Gerechtigkeit, Moral” Nr. 55 ). Trier: Universität Trier, Fachbereich I - Psychologie.Google Scholar
  23. Montada, L. and Schneider, A. (1991). Justice and prosocial commitments. In L. Montada and H.W. Bierhoff (Eds.) Altruism in social systems (pp. 58–81 ). Toronto: Hogrefe.Google Scholar
  24. Montada, L. and Mohiyeddini, C. (1995). Arbeitslosigkeit und Gerechtigkeit (Berichte aus der Arbeitsgruppe “Verantwortung, Gerechtigkeit, Moral” Nr. 87 ). Trier: Universität Trier, Fachbereich I - Psychologie.Google Scholar
  25. Opotow, S. (1990). Moral exclusion and injustice: An introduction. Journal of Social Issues, 46 (1), 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rubin, Z. and Peplau, L.A. (1973). Belief in a just world and reactions to anothers lot: A study of participants in the national draft lottery. Journal of Social Issues, 29 (4), 73–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Runciman, W.G. (1966). Relative deprivation and social justice. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  28. Schmitt, M., Dalbert C., and Montada, L. (1985). Drei Wege zu mehr Konsistenz in der Selbstbeschreibung: Theoriepräzisierung, Korrespondenzbildung und Datenaggregierung. Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie, 6, 147–159.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leo Montada
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversität TrierTrierGermany

Personalised recommendations