Laminar Organization of the Visual Cortex

A Unified View of Development, Learning, Attention, and Grouping
  • Stephen Grossberg
Part of the Topics in Biomedical Engineering International Book Series book series (TOBE)

Abstract

The cerebral cortex is the seat of the highest forms of biological intelligence in all sensory and cognitive modalities. The neocortex has an intricate design which exhibits a characteristic organization into six distinct cortical layers (Brodmann, 1909; Martin, 1989). Differences in the thickness of these layers and the sizes and shapes of neurons led the German anatomist Korbinian Brodmann to identify more than fifty divisions, or areas, of neocortex. This classification has been invaluable as a basis for classifying distinct functions of different parts of neocortex. The functional utility of such a laminar organization in the control of behavior has, however, remained a mystery until recently.

Keywords

Visual Cortex Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Perceptual Grouping Illusory Contour Boundary Contour System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Grossberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Cognitive and Neural SystemsBoston UniversityBostonUSA

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