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Plasma Lasers Using Transitions of Diatomic Dissociating Molecules

  • N. G. Basov
Chapter
Part of the The Lebedev Physics Institute Series book series (LPIS)

Abstract

Attention was first brought to the use of a recombination plasma as a laser medium by Gudzenko and Shelepin [1]. Lasers using a recombining plasma were subsequently called plasma lasers. An alternative concept is the gas laser in which lasing takes place during ionization of the gas. It may be said that the fundamental qualitative difference between plasma and gas lasers is that their active media deviate from thermodynamic equilibrium in opposite senses: In a gas laser the electrons are overheated (that is, the temperature Te of the free electrons in the plasma is greater than the effective equilibrium temperature Teq corresponding to the actual degree of ionization [2]) while in a plasma laser the electrons are supercooled (that is, Te < Teq). This basic difference determines the methods for creating the lasing medium.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. G. Basov
    • 1
  1. 1.P. N. Lebedev Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the USSRMoscowUSSR

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