Alumino-Silicate Clays and Clay Intercalation Compounds

  • S. A. Solin
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 148)

Abstract

Intercalation compounds formed from graphitic host materials and from layer dichalcogenides such as TaS2 and HfSe2 are quite familiar to most solid-state physicists and chemists who have extensively studied the properties of such materials over the past several decades [1,2]. There is, however, another general class of host materials which can form a wide range of intercalation compounds yet has until very recently received very little attention from the solid-state community, although this class is heavily studied by inorganic chemists, soil scientists, geologists, and minerologists. This “new” class of materials is that which includes alumino-silicate clays (often called sheet silicate clays) [3–5]. Although the term “clay” is often used to refer to minerals, the morphology of which is small particles of a typical size less than 1μm, I will use the term in this paper as synonymous with layered alumino-silicates. In this chapter, I will clarify the relationship between layered alumino-silicates and the more familiar layered solids and, in addition, highlight the key features of the former which make them interesting systems for the exploration of unusual physical phenomena.

Keywords

Boron Nitride Clay Layer Basal Spacing Highly Orient Pyrolytic Graphite Intercalation Compound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Solin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstromomyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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