Coupled Mode Theory and Application

  • Clifford R. Pollock
  • Michal Lipson
Chapter

Abstract

Mutual coupling between optical modes is essential in the design of in­tegrated optic devices. In this chapter we will describe how optical energy couples between modes within and between optical waveguides. Up to now, we have treated the waveguide as an ideal optical wire, which conveys light from one point to another in the form of a “mode”. We have implicitly assumed that these modes, once formed, are unchanging except perhaps through atten­uation due to absorption. In reality, simple mechanisms can lead to significant energy exchange among the various modes of a structure. Coupled mode theory describes this energy exchange, and serves as the primary tool for designing optical couplers, switches, and filters.

Keywords

Fiber Bragg Grating Coupling Coefficient Optical Waveguide Waveguide Structure Couple Mode Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    A. Yariv, IEEE Jour. Quant. Elec. 9, 919 (1973)Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    W. H. Louise11, Coupled mode and parametric electronics, Ch. 1, John Wiley and Sons, New York (1960)Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    S. Somekh, et.al, App. Opt. 13, 327 (1974)ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    R. G. Hunsperger, Integrated Optics: Theory and Technology, Vol. 33 Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Chap. 7, Springer-Verlag, Germany (1982)Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    A. W. Snider and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory, Chapman and Hall, London (1983)Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides Chapman & Hall, London (1983)Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    A. Hardy and W.S. Streiffer, “Coupled mode theory of parallel waveguides,” J. Lightwave Tech. Vol. LT-3, 1135–1146 (1985)Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    S.L. Chuang, “A coupled mode formulation by reciprocity and a variational principle,” J. Lightwave Tech. Vol. LT-5, 515 (1987)Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    H.A. Haus, W.P. Huang, S. Kawakami, and N.A. Whitaker, “Coupled mode theory of optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Tech. Vol. LT-5, 16–23 (1987)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clifford R. Pollock
    • 1
  • Michal Lipson
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electrical and Computer EngineeringCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

Personalised recommendations