Extraction of Actinides and Lanthanides

  • D. Max Roundhill
Chapter
Part of the Modern Inorganic Chemistry book series (MICE)

Abstract

Since the actinide ions are classified as hard acids they associate most strongly with hard base complexants. Among these complexants, those with oxygen donor groups have been the most widely used. By contrast with transition metal and post-transition metal ions, actinides can frequently achieve higher coordination numbers than six. Therefore multidentates that can accommodate to high coordination numbers are good candidates for being extractants for actinides. Another feature of the actinides is their occurrence as oxycations. The most studied one is the linear uranyl (UO 2 2+ ) ion, but others such as PuO 2 2+ and PuO 2 + are stable in aqueous solution. These cations present a different challenge in designing complexants since there is the possibility of introducing functional groups that can associate with the oxide groups as well as the metal center of the oxycation.

Keywords

Crown Ether Nitric Acid Solution Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Phosphine Oxide Light Lanthanide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Max Roundhill
    • 1
  1. 1.Texas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA

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