Gats and Physical Delivery Networks

  • James I. CampbellJr.
Part of the Topics in Regulatory Economics and Policy Series book series (TREP, volume 31)

Abstract

From kings to parliaments, governments have sought to “bind the Nation together” and promote national wealth by encouraging modern and efficient “infrastructure” services, i.e., basic public services that enable other economic activity. At the same time, governments have a long and inglorious record of impoverishing their people by reinforcing national boundaries through the restriction or obstruction of international commerce. In 1614, Spain unsuccessfully tried to make Seville the tobacco capitol of the world by decreeing that tobacco produced in New Spain must pass through Seville on the way to European markets. In the next century, similar efforts to control trade routes contributed to England’ s alienation of the richest colonial prize in history. In the 1930s, England’s lost colony intensified global economic misery by leading the world into a round of protective tariffs.

Keywords

World Trade Organization Market Access Post Office Transport Service Telecommunication Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Abeyratne, R.I.R. 1996. “Would Competition in Commercial Aviation Ever Fit into the World Trade Organization?” Journal of Air. L. and Corn. 61: 793.Google Scholar
  2. Campbell, James I., Jr. 1993. “Estimating the Effect of Cross-Border Liberalisation on 25 As provided in Articles XIV and XIV bis of CATS, simplification of customs cannot affect regulatory controls designed to protect public morals, public health, privacy, safety, or national security. Universal Postal Service.”Unpublished manuscript, WIK seminar.Google Scholar
  3. Dodgson, J., and S. Trotter. 1994. Study on the Impact of Liberalization of Inward Cross-Border Mail on the Provision of the Universal Postal Service and the Options for Progressive Liberalization. Brussels: European Union (October).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • James I. CampbellJr.

There are no affiliations available

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