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Chemical Features of Polymeric Vitreous Materials and the Nature of the Vitreous State

  • Rudol’f L. Myuller
Chapter

Abstract

The vitreous state is a particular case of the amorphous state. It is realized under specific conditions on the transition from the liquid to the solid state. A high viscosity which leads according to Tammann [1] to the retardation of the crystallization process, in addition to forced cooling of the liquid through the melting temperature, facilitate glass formation. The high viscosity is determined physically, according to Kobeko [2], by the long relaxation time of the atomic processes in the liquid system. The long relaxation time makes it possible to obtainthe thermodynamically nonequilibrium vitreous state which is stable at low temperatures. The reason for the different values of the relaxation time in substances differing one from another in chemical composition has not been explained theoretically. At the same time, the tendency to glass formation is intimately connected with the chemical nature of the material. In fact, we know that almost any normally vitreous chemical system can, according to A. A. Lebedev [3], be found under different conditions in the crystalline state, and that systems with typical elementary ionic structural units (halides, alkali and alkali earth oxides, etc.) cannot be obtained in the vitreous state.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudol’f L. Myuller
    • 1
  1. 1.Leningrad State UniversityLeningradUSSR

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