Advertisement

Electrical Conductivity of Glasses Containing Two Kinds of Alkali Ion

  • Rudol’f L. Myuller
Chapter

Abstract

It is well known that when half of the alkali oxide of one type in a glass is replaced by an alkali oxide of another type there is a significant decrease in the electrical conductivity and dielectric losses. A series of experimental studies have been devoted to this problem. Efforts have also been made to find a theoretical explanation for the observed minima in the dielectric loss and conductivity. However, there is not at present a generally accepted explanation of this phenomenon. Incidentally, one of the reasons for the lack of clarity with respect to this process is that frequently the quantitative analysis of experimental data is not sufficiently rigorous.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    G. Gehloff and M. Thomas, Z. techn. Phys., 6:544 (1925).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. P. Bogoroditskii and I. D. Fridberg, Zh. Tekhn. Fiz., 7:1905 (1937).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G..L Skanavi and A. I. Demeshina, Zh. Tekhn. Fiz., 28:748 (1958).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. L. Myuller, Zh. Tekh. Fiz., 25:1868 and 2428 (1955), • this volume, pp. 50, 61;Google Scholar
  5. 4a.
    R. L. Myuller, Zh. Tekh. Fiz., 26:2614 (1956) [Sov. Phys.-Tech. Phys., 1:2529] • this volume, p. 79;Google Scholar
  6. 4b.
    B.I. Markin, Zh. Tekhn. Fiz., 10:66 (1940).Google Scholar
  7. 5.
    S. A. Shchukarev and R. L. Myuller, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1:625 (1930);Google Scholar
  8. 5a.
    S. A. Shchukarev and R. L. Myuller, Z. Phys. Chem., A150: 439 (1930)Google Scholar
  9. 5b.
    S. A. Shchukarev and R. L. Myuller, R. L. Myuller and B. I. Markin, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 7:502 (1936);Google Scholar
  10. 5c.
    S. A. Shchukarev and R. L. Myuller, R. L. Myuller and B. I. Markin, Acta Physico-chim. URSS, 4:471 (1936).Google Scholar
  11. 6.
    B. I. Markin, The Electrical Conductivity of Complex Alkali Borate Glasses (Candidate’s Dissertation), Leningr. Gos. Univ. (1938); Byull. Leningr. Otd. Vses. Khim. Obshchestva im. D. I. Mendeleeva (May 9, 1938), Bulletin No. 3–4, p. 40 (1939); Zh. Tekhn. Fiz., 10:66 (1940).Google Scholar
  12. 7.
    R. L. Myuller, Byull. Leningr. Otd. Vses. Khim. Obshchestva im. D. I. Mendeleeva, No. 6, p. 12 (1939), • this volume, p. 169;Google Scholar
  13. 7a.
    R. L. Myuller, Izv. Akad. Nauk ser. fiz, 4:607 (1940), • this volume, p. 170Google Scholar
  14. 8.
    G. I. Skanavi and K.I. Martyushov, Zh. Tekhn. Fiz., 9:1024 (1939);Google Scholar
  15. 8a.
    A. F. Val’ter, M. A. Gladkikh, and K. I. Martyushov, Zh. Tekhn. Fiz., 10:1593 (1940);Google Scholar
  16. 8b.
    B. V. Lengyel, Glastechn. Ber., 18:177(1940).Google Scholar
  17. 9.
    E. Warburg and F. Tegetmeier, Ann. Phys. (Wied.), 32:447 (1887);Google Scholar
  18. 9a.
    E. Warburg and F. Tegetmeier, Ann. Phys. (Wied.), 35:445 (1888);Google Scholar
  19. 9b.
    E. Warburg and F. Tegetmeier, Ann. Phys. (Wied.), 41:18 (1890);Google Scholar
  20. 9c.
    A. Günterschulze, Ann. Phys. (4), 37:435, 442, and 438 (1912);Google Scholar
  21. 9d.
    A. Heydweiller, F. Kopferman, Ann. Phys., 32(4):739 (1910);CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 9e.
    F. Quittner, Ann. Phys., 85(4):785 (1928);Google Scholar
  23. 9f.
    C. A. Krauss and E. H. Darby, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 44:2783 (1922).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 10.
    B. V. Lengyel and Z. Boksay, Z. phys. Chem., A203:93 (1954);Google Scholar
  25. 10a.
    B. V. Lengyel and Z. Boksay, Z. phys. Chem., A205:157 (1955).Google Scholar
  26. 11.
    P. P. Kobeko, Amorphous Substances, Izd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, 1952;Google Scholar
  27. 11a.
    J. M. Stevels, Philips Techn. Rundschau, 13:350 (1952).Google Scholar
  28. 12.
    N. I. Brodskaya and V. S. Tatarinova, Uch. Zap. Leningr. Gos. Univ. 54:241 (1940);Google Scholar
  29. 12a.
    L. R. Takking and N. P. Shchegoleva, Uch. Zap. Leningr. Gos. Univ., 108:17 (1949).Google Scholar
  30. 13.
    R. L. Myuller, Fiz. Tverd. Tela, 2(6):1333 (1960), • this volume, p. 93.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudol’f L. Myuller
    • 1
  1. 1.Leningrad State UniversityLeningradUSSR

Personalised recommendations