Nervous, Endocrine, Immune Systems As a Target for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

  • Shinji Kasahara
  • Edwin L. Cooper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 546)

Abstract

Homeostasis is a fundamental process in life conducted under various stressors. Human health in a highly variable environment is dependent upon the proper balance of physiological processes. According to emerging views, homeostasis may be achieved by the coordinated activities of the three major integrative systems: the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems. The immune system has for a long time been considered as independent, but recent numerous studies have revealed it to be in a delicate state of balance with the neuro-endocrine system. In this chapter, the author reviews how this reciprocal modulation between neuro-endocrine and immune systems is maintained in relation to stress and diseases. Possible animal models for the basic study of neuro-endocrine-immune system are also presented. Lastly, there is a discussion of how: 1) the development of these animal models is important; 2) complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) could contribute to the alleviation of stress-induced diseases.

Keywords

Multiple Sclerosis Corticotropin Release Hormone Permissive Temperature Central Nervous System Function Female Guppy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shinji Kasahara
    • 1
  • Edwin L. Cooper
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Comparative Neuroimmunology, Department of NeurobiologyDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA

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