Psychological Response of Children to Shootings and Hostage Situations

  • Ronald H. Rozensky
  • Ira H. Sloan
  • Eitan D. Schwarz
  • Janice M. Kowalski
Part of the Issues in Clinical Child Psychology book series (ICCP)


Despite the seemingly endless news coverage of sensationalized stories of children as victims of shooting, kidnapping, and hostage situations, it has been noted that the empirical literature on the psychological sequelae of these experiences is rather meager (Forehand, Long, Zogg, & Parrish, 1989), and few longitudinal studies exist (Nader, Pynoos, Fairbanks, & Frederick, 1990). National crime statistics in the United States point out that between 25,000 and 100,000 children a year are the victims of parental kidnapping (Shetky & Haller, 1983), and in 1988 alone, between 200 and 300 children were kidnapped or held hostage by assailants unknown to them (Finkelhor, Hotaling, & Sedlak, 1990). Estimates suggest that over 3 million children annually witness violence in the home (Silvern & Kaersyang, 1989).


Posttraumatic Stress Ptsd Symptom Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Child Psychiatry Reaction Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald H. Rozensky
    • 1
  • Ira H. Sloan
    • 1
  • Eitan D. Schwarz
    • 1
  • Janice M. Kowalski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryEvanston Hospital and Northwestern University and Medical SchoolEvanstonUSA

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