Lignin-Degrading Enzymes from the Filamentous Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium

  • Elizabeth A. Pease
  • Ming Tien
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Applied Chemistry book series (TAPP)

Abstract

Lignin is an aromatic polymer which surrounds woody tissue, providing structural rigidity and protection from microbial attack. Next to cellulose, it is the most abundant renewable resource on earth. It is estimated that approximately 25% of the carbon fixed by photosynthesis is incorporated into lignin. The lignin polymer is composed of phenylpropanoid subunits linked together by a variety of bonds resulting in a nonrepeating motif.1–3 Most biological macromolecules such as cellulose, RNA, DNA, and proteins are largely linear polymers whose subunits are linked together by a repeating bond; thus the mechanism of polymer synthesis and degradation is generally centered around this common bond. Lignin synthesis and degradation differ from this common mechanism since it contains a variety of linkages.4

Keywords

Electron Spin Resonance Aromatic Aldehyde Electron Spin Resonance Signal Lignin Peroxidase Veratryl Alcohol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth A. Pease
    • 1
  • Ming Tien
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular and Cell BiologyThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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