Aortic and Arterial Aneurysms

  • Mardi Gomberg-Maitland
  • Jonathan L. Halperin
  • Mark A. Creager
Chapter

Abstract

The aorta is the body’s major conductance vessel, through which all oxygenated blood passes. As an elastic artery, the aortic wall consists of three layers: intima, media, and adventitia. The arteries arising along its course give rise to the vasa vasorum, which supply a capillary network to the adventitia and media of the thoracic aorta; however, vasa vasorum do not supply the media of the abdominal aorta. Systolic ejection of blood from the left ventricle creates a pressure wave that traverses the aorta producing radial expansion and contraction and transfer of energy to the aortic wall. During diastole, the aortic wall recoils, transforming potential to kinetic energy and driving blood into the peripheral vessels.

Keywords

Aortic Aneurysm Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Thoracic Aorta Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Aortic Wall 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mardi Gomberg-Maitland
  • Jonathan L. Halperin
  • Mark A. Creager

There are no affiliations available

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