Fungi for Biological Control of Brassica Root Flies Delia Radicum and Delia Floralis

  • Jørgen Eilenberg
  • Richard Meadow
Chapter

Abstract

Root flies that attack Brassicae, Delia spp. (Diptera, Anthomyiidae) cause considerable economic damage on outdoor vegetables in the temperate regions of the world (Europe, North America). They damage white cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, radish, Chinese cabbage, Brussel sprouts, rutabaga, canola and other cruciferous vegetables due to the larval feeding in the roots (Hill, 1987; Finch, 1993; Broatch and Vernon, 1997). Feeding and damage sometimes extend to the aboveground parts of the plant. The two species, the cabbage root fly (Delia radicum) and the turnip fly (Delia floralis) have much biology in comnion and control is directed against both species at the same time. D. radicum has the widest distribution and was introduced to North America (where it is known as the cabbage maggot) from northwest Europe (Biron et al., 2000).

Keywords

Biological Control Entomopathogenic Fungus Metarhizium Anisopliae Conservation Biological Control Primary Conidium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jørgen Eilenberg
    • 1
  • Richard Meadow
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EcologyThe Royal Veterinary and Agricultural UniversityFrb.C.Denmark
  2. 2.Department of Entomology and NematologyThe Norwegian Crop Research Institute, Plant Protection CentreNorway

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