Facies analysis

  • Andrew D. Miall

Abstract

The study and interpretation of the textures, sedimentary structures, fossils and lithologic associations of sedimentary rocks on the scale of an outcrop, well section or small segment of a basin comprise the subject of facies analysis. In writing this chapter the author has been strongly aware of the several excellent texts now available that deal exclusively with facies analysis, for example, the introductory text by Walker (1979a) and the more advanced treatments by J.L. Wilson (1975) and Reading (1978). Several other books contain a more condensed treatment of the same material (e.g. Blatt et. al., 1980; Leeder, 1982). Therefore little would be gained by presenting a complete discussion of facies models. Accordingly this chapter focuses on a discussion of analytical methods, and reviews the kinds of information that can be obtained from sediments, based on the observations described in Chapter 2. It is hoped that this material will provide students with an introduction to modern facies modeling methods. Its practice on specific ancient examples can then be carried out with one of the advanced texts (mentioned above) in hand, and the final section of this chapter should serve to complement these, by providing a discussion and updating of some of the most recent advances in our ideas.

Keywords

Debris Flow Sedimentary Structure Trace Fossil Facies Association Tidal Inlet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew D. Miall
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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