Primates of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: The Influence of Forest Fragmentation on Survival

  • Adriano G. Chiarello

Abstract

The Atlantic forest has been cleared and disturbed since the arrival of the first Europeans in the early 1500s (Dean, 1995). More than 70% of the Brazilian population is concentrated in this region, and it is estimated that less than 8% of the original forest remains as isolated forest (SOS Mata Atlântica et al., 1998). Nevertheless, this forest still harbors an extremely rich biological diversity, second only to the Amazon region, with about 261 mammal species already recorded, 73 (28%) of which are endemics (da Fonseca et al., 1999; Myers et al., 2000). Until the present, 15 species and 24 subspecies of primates have been recognized for the Atlantic forest (Rylands et al., 1996, 2000), including two endemic genera, Brachyteles and Leontopithecus. The overall biological richness and the high degree of threat make the Atlantic forest one of the top biodiversity “hotspots” in the world (Myers et al., 2000).

Keywords

Fragment Size Primate Species Forest Fragment Forest Fragmentation Atlantic Forest 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriano G. Chiarello
    • 1
  1. 1.Programa de Mestrado em Zoologia de VertebradosPontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

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