Primate Survival in Community-Owned Forest Fragments: Are Metapopulation Models Useful Amidst Intensive use?

  • Colin A. Chapman
  • Michael J. Lawes
  • Lisa Naughton-Treves
  • Thomas Gillespie

Abstract

Human modification of ecosystems is threatening biodiversity on a global scale (Cowlishaw, 1999; Cowlishaw and Dunbar, 2000; Chapman and Peres, 2001). A recent Food and Agriculture Organization report (FAO, 1999) indicates that tropical countries are losing 127,300 km2 of forest annually, and this does not consider the vast area being selectively logged (approximately 55,000 km2; FAO, 1990). The extent of tropical forests burning each year is highly variable and difficult to measure precisely (FAO, 1999; Nepstad et al., 1999), however, the forests of Southeast Asia (Kinnaird and O’Brien, 1999) and the Brazilian Amazon (Nepstad et al., 1999) are especially impacted by the combination of droughts from El Nino and burning for agriculture (FAO, 1999). In 1997 and 1998 an area of 2 million ha of forest burned in Brazil and 4 million ha burned in Indonesia (FAO, 1999).

Keywords

Primate Species Forest Fragment Crater Lake Fragmented Landscape Fuel Wood 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colin A. Chapman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael J. Lawes
    • 3
  • Lisa Naughton-Treves
    • 4
    • 5
  • Thomas Gillespie
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Wildlife Conservation SocietyBronxUSA
  3. 3.Forest Biodiversity Programme, School of Botany and ZoologyUniversity of NatalScottsvilleSouth Africa
  4. 4.Department of GeographyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  5. 5.Center for Applied Biodiversity ScienceConservation InternationalWashingtonUSA

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