High-Speed Underwater Acoustic Communications

  • Milica Stojanovic
Chapter

Abstract

Underwater acoustic communications are a rapidly growing field of research and engineering, driven by the expansion of applications which require underwater data transmission without wired connections. In this chapter, we explore the problems of underwater acoustic communications in three parts. The first part presents an overview of modern applications in underwater data transmission and today’s achievements in this area. System requirements are reviewed, and propagation characteristics of underwater acoustic channels are given. It is shown that the majority of underwater acoustic channels are severely band-limited, with signal distortions depending on the link configuration, and ranging from benign to extreme ones caused by time-varying multipath propagation and signal phase variations. Examples of existing systems are given, with emphasis on the methods used for intersymbol interference mitigation. Most of these systems use noncoherent or a differentially coherent signal modulation and detection methods. Phase-coherent detection, which offers better efficiency in bandwidth utilization, is the subject of the second part of this chapter. In this part, the design of high-speed digital communication systems, which rely on powerful equalization and multiple sensor signal processing methods is treated.

Keywords

Carrier Phase Less Mean Square Algorithm Symbol Interval Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Underwater Communication 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    L. Brekhovskikh and Y. Lysanov, Fundamentals of Ocean Acoustics, New York: Springer, 1982.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    A. Quazi and W. Konrad, “Underwater acoustic communications,” IEEE Comm. Magazine, pp. 24–29, Mar. 1982.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    J. Catipovic, “Performance limitations in underwater acoustic telemetry,” IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. , vol. 15, pp. 205–216, July 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    A. Baggeroer, “Acoustic telemetry — an overview,” IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. , vol. 9, pp. 229–235, Oct. 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    M. Stojanovic “Recent advances in high rate underwater acoustic communications, IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. , pp. 125–136, Apr. 1996. Acoustics,” Ph. D. thesis, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, Sept. 1993.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    J. Catipovic, M. Deffenbaugh, L. Freitag and D. Frye, “An acoustic telemetry system for deep ocean mooring data acquisition and control,” in Proc. OCEANS’89, pp. 887–892, Seattle, Washington, Oct. 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    S. Chappell et al. , “Acoustic communication between two autonomous underwater vehicles,” in Proc. 1994 Symposium on A UV Technology, pp. 462–469, Cambridge, MA, 1994.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    S. Coatelan and A. Glavieux, “Design and test of a multicarrier transmission system on the shallow water acoustic channel,” in Proc. OCEANS’94, pp. III. 472-III. 477, Brest, France, Sept. 1994.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    A. Kaya and S. Yauchi, “An acoustic communication system for subsea robot,” in Proc. OCEANS’89, pp. 765–770, Seattle, Washington, Oct. 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    M. Suzuki and T. Sasaki, “Digital acoustic image transmission system for deep sea research submersible,” in Proc. OCEANS’92, pp. 567–570, Newport, RI, Oct. 1992.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    G. Ayela, M. Nicot and X. Lurton, “New innovative multimodulation acoustic communication system,” in Proc. OCEANS’94, pp. I. 292-I. 295, Brest, France, Sept. 1994.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    A. Goalic et al., “Toward a digital acoustic underwater phone,” in Proc. OCEANS’94, pp. III. 489–III. 494, Brest, France, Sept. 1994.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    B. Woodward and H. Sari, “Digital underwater voice communications,” IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. , vol. 21, pp. 181–192, Apr. 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    D. F. Hoag, V. K. Ingle and R. J. Gaudette, “Low-Bit-Rate Coding of Underwater Video Using Wavelet-Based Compression Algorithms,” IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. , vol. 22, pp. 393–400, Apr. 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    J. Fischer et al. , “A high rate, underwater acoustic data communications transceiver,” in Proc. OCEANS’92, pp. 571–576, Newport, RI, Oct. 1992.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    R. F. W. Coates, M. Zheng and L. Wang, “BASS 300 PARACOM: A “model” underwater parametric communication system,” IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. , vol. 21, pp. 225–232, Apr. 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    G. S. Howe et al. , “Sub-sea remote communications utilising an adaptive receiving beamformer for multipath suppression,” in Proc. OCEANS’94, pp. I. 313–I. 316, Brest, France, Sept. 1994.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    M. Stojanovic, J. A. Catipovic and J. G. Proakis, “Phase coherent digital communications for underwater acoustic channels,” IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. , vol. 19, pp. 100–111, Jan. 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    M. Sto janovic, J. A. Catipovic and J. G. Proakis, “Adaptive multichannel combining and equalization for underwater acoustic communications,” Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 94 (3), Pt. 1, pp. 1621–1631, Sept. 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    M. Stojanovic, J. A. Catipovic and J. G. Proakis, “Reduced-complexity multichannel processing of underwater acoustic communication signals,” Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 98 (2), Pt. 1, pp. 961–972, Aug. 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    M. Stojanovic, J. G. Proakis and J. A. Catipovic, “Performance of a high rate adaptive equalizer on a shallow water acoustic channel,” J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. , vol. 100 (4), Pt. 1, pp. 2213–2219, Oct. 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    M. Johnson, L. Freitag and M. Stojanovic, “Improved Doppler Tracking and Correction for Underwater Acoustic Communication,” in Proc. ICASSP’97, vol 1, pp. 575–578, Munich, Germany, April, 1997.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    H. Kobayashi, “Simultaneous adaptive estimation and decision algorithms for carrier modulated data transmission systems,” IEEE Trans. Comm. vol. COM-19, pp. 268–280, June 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    J. Proakis, Digital Communications, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    S. Haykin, Adaptive Filter Theory, New Jersey: Prentice Hall 1986.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    D. Slock and T. Kailath, “Numerically stable fast transversal filters for recursive least squares adaptive filtering,” IEEE Trans. Sig. Proc. , vol. SP-39, pp. 92–114, Jan. 1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    D. Slock, L. Chisci, H. Lev-Ari and T. Kailath, “Modular and numerically stable fast transversal filters for multichannel and multiexperiment RLS,” IEEE Trans. Sig. Proc. , Vol. 40, pp. 784–802, Apr. 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    F. Hsu, “Square root Kalman filtering for high-speed data received over fading dispersive HF channels,” IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory, Vol. IT-28, pp. 753–763, Sept. 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    B. Geller, V. Capellano, J. -M. Brossier, A. Essebar and G. Jourdain, “Equalizer for video rate transmission in multipath underwater communications,” IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. , vol. 21, pp. 150–155, Apr. 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    F. Ling and J. G. Proakis, “Adaptive lattice decision-feedback equalizers— their performance and application to time-variant multipath channels,” IEEE Trans. Commun. , vol. 33, pp. 348–356, Apr. 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    M. Kocic, D. Brady and M. Stojanovic, “Sparse equalization for real-time digital underwater acoustic communications,” in Proc. OCEANS’95, San Diego, CA, Oct. 1995.Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    J. Catipovic, M. Johnson and D. Adams, “Noise cancelling performance of an adaptive receiver for underwater communications,” in Proc. 1994 Symposium on A UV Technology, pp. 171–178, Cambridge, MA, July 1994.Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    M. Stojanovic and Z. Zvonar, “Multichannel processing of broadband multiuser communication signals in shallow water acoustic channels,” IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. , pp. 156–166, Apr. 1996.Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    M. Johnson, D. Herold and J. Catipovic, “The design and performance of a compact underwater acoustic network node,” in Proc. OCEANS’94, pp. III. 467–471, Brest, France, Sept. 94.Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    M. Johnson, “Utility Acoustic Modem,” Technical Report, Woodshole Oceanographic Institution, Jan. 1997.Google Scholar
  36. [36]
    J. Talavage, T. Thiel and D. Brady, “An efficient store-and-forward protocol for a shallow water acoustic local area network,” in Proc. OCEANS’94, Brest, France, Sept. 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milica Stojanovic
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyUSA

Personalised recommendations