Emergency Problems: A Quick Overview

  • Marc A. Schuckit
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)

Abstract

If you have come to this section of the book after having read (or at least skimmed) chapters 1 through 13, this chapter and the companion text (Educating Yourself About Alcohol and Drugs) can serve as a review.1 If you are here because you feel that an overview of emergency problems is the most important task for you, I bid you welcome and hope that you will have a chance to go back and review the other topics in greater depth. This single chapter cannot summarize each topic in detail, nor will it offer the number of references used in other sections of the book. It is, thus, important that you not approach the toxic reaction or overdose patient without also looking at the material in the relevant subsections of the chapters on CNS depressants, opioids, and so on (see sections 2.2.1 and 6.2.1 for examples).

Keywords

Gastric Lavage Toxic Reaction Human Immunodeficiency Virus Disease Quick Overview Opioid Overdose 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Schuckit, M. A. Educating yourself about alcohol and drugs. New York: Plenum Publishing Co., 1998.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jaffe, J. H., Knapp, C. M., & Ciraulo, D. A. Opiates: Clinical aspects. In J. H. Lowinson, P. Ruiz, R. B. Mill-man, & J. G. Langrod (Eds.), Substance abuse: A comprehensive textbook (3rd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1996, pp. 158–166.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Winger, G., Hofmann, F. G., & Woods, J. H. A handbook on drug and alcohol abuse (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press, 1992, pp. 179–186.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Goodwin, D. W., & Guze, S. B. Psychiatric diagnosis (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Thomson, J. A., Rodger, A. J., Thompson, S. C., et al. The prevalence of hepatitis C in patients admitted with acute hepatitis to Fairfield Infectious Diseases Hospital, 1971–1975. Medical Journal of Australia 169: 360–363, 1998.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ferrando, S. J., Wall, T. L., Batki, S. L., & Sorensen, J. L. Psychiatric morbidity, illicit drug use, and adherence to zidovudine (AZT) among injection drug users with HIV disease. American Journal of Alcohol Abuse 22:475–487, 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hernández-Aguado, I., Avino, M. J., Pérez-Hoyos, S., et al. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in parenteral drug users: evolution of the epidemic over 10 years. Valencian Epidemiology Prevention of HIV Disease Study Group. International Journal of Epidemiology 28:335–340, 1999.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brown, T. G. Werk, A., Caplan, T., et al. The incidence and characteristics of violent men in substance abuse treatment. Addictive Behaviors 23:573–586, 1998.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chang, G., & Kosten, T. R. Detoxification. In J. H. Lowinson, P. Ruiz, R. B. Millman, & J. G. Langrod (Eds.), Substance abuse: A comprehensive textbook (3rd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1996, pp. 377–381.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schuckit, M. A. A clinical review of the use of anticonvulsive medications in persons with developmental disabilities. Developmental Disabilities: Clinical Insights 2, San Diego Regional Center for the Developmentally Disabled, 1998.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Reisine, T., & Pasternak, G. Opioid analgesics and antagonists. In J. G. Hardman, L. E. Limbird, P. B. Molinoff, et al. (Eds.), The pharmacological basis of therapeutics (9th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995, pp. 521–555.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hobbs, W R., Rall, T. W., & Verdoorn, T. A. Hypnotics and sedatives: Ethanol. In J. G. Hardman, L. E. Limbird, P. B. Molinoff, et al. (Eds.), The pharmacological basis of therapeutics (9th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995, pp. 361–396.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ellinwood, E. H., & Lee, T. H. Psychopathology and treatment of amphetamine abuse. In H. Rommelspocher & M. Schuckit (Eds.), Bailliere’s clinical psychiatry: Drugs of abuse. London: Bailliere Tindall, 1996, pp. 487–500.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    McCarron, M. Acute PCP intoxication. Annals of Emergency Medicine 10:290–297, 1981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    American Psychiatric Association. The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1994.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Schuckit, M. A., Tipp, J. E., Bergman, M., et al. Comparison of induced and independent major depressive disorders in 2,945 alcoholics. American Journal of Psychiatry 154:948–957, 1997.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schuckit, M. A., Tipp, J. E., Bucholz, K. K., et al. The life-time rates of three major mood disorders and four major anxiety disorders in alcoholics and controls. Addiction 92:1289–1304, 1997.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Raimo, E. R., & Schuckit, M. A. Alcohol dependence and mood disorders. Addictive Behaviors 23:933–946, 1998.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schuckit, M. A. Anxiety disorders and substance abuse. In A. Tasman & M. Riba (Eds.), Review of psychiatry, Vol. II. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1992, pp. 402–417.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Schuckit, M. A. The treatment of stimulant dependence. Addiction 89:1559–1563, 1994.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Satel, S. L., Kosten, T. R., Schuckit, M. A., & Fischman, M. W. Should protracted withdrawal from drugs be included in DSM-IV? American Journal of Psychiatry 150:695–704, 1993.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schuckit, M. A., Tipp, J. E., Smith, T. L., & Bucholz, K. K. Periods of abstinence following the onset of alcohol dependence in 1,853 men and women. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 58:581–589, 1997.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Schuckit, M. A., Daeppen, J.-B., Tipp, J. E., et al. The clinical course of alcohol-related problems in alcohol-dependent and nonalcohol-dependent drinking women and men. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 59:581–590, 1998.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Grant, B. F. & Hasin, D. S. Suicidal ideation among the United States drinking population: results from the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 60:422–429, 1999.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mason, B. J., Kocsis, J. H., Ritvo, E. C., & Cutler, R. B. A double-blind placebo-controlled trial of desipramine in primary alcoholics stratified on the presence or absence of major depression. Journal of the American Medical Association 275:1–7, 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cornelius, J. R., Salloum, I. M., Ehler, J. G., et al. Fluoxetine in depressed alcoholics. Archives of General Psychiatry 54:700–705, 1997.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc A. Schuckit
    • 1
  1. 1.University of California Medical School and Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare SystemSan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations