Biotechnology Research in Rice for Asia: Priorities, Focus and Directions

  • Mahabub Hossain
  • John Bennett
  • Swapan Datta
  • Hei Leung
  • Gurdev Khush
Chapter

Abstract

Over the last four decades, substantial genetic improvements have been made in rice through conventional breeding. The adoption of modern rice varieties by farmers in irrigated ecosystems has contributed to food production increases that were greater than the growth in population. The “green revolution” in rice cultivation, however, has bypassed unfavorable rice-growing environments that still account for over half of the rice land. These areas are subject to droughts, floods and problem soils that have been difficult to handle through conventional breeding. Biotechnology research has opened up new opportunities to address agricultural problems in unfavorable environments, where the majority of Asia’s poor now live. Current research on rice biotechnology, however, focuses more on insect and disease resistance than on stresses faced by farmers in less favored lands. For biotechnology to benefit the poor, research directions must be changed and their output widely shared.

Keywords

Bacterial Blight Green Revolution International Rice Research Institute Sheath Blight Stem Borer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ahn, S., C.N. Bollich, and S.D. Tanksley (1992): RFLP Tagging of a Gene for Aroma in Rice. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 84, pp. 825–828.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alam, M.F., K. Datta, E. Abrigo, E. Vazquez, D. Senadhira, and S.K. Datta (1998): Production of Transgenic Deepwater Indica Rice Plants Expressing a Synthetic Bacillus thuringiensis crylA (b) Gene with Enhanced Resistance to Yellow Stem Borer. Plant Science 135, pp. 25–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bennett, J. (1995): Biotechnology and the Future of Rice Production. Geofournal 35 (3), pp. 333–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brown, L.R. (1974): By Bread Alone. Paeger, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Christou, P., T.L. Ford, and M. Kofron (1991): Production of Transgenic Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Plants from Agronomically Important Indica and Japonica Varieties via Electric Discharge Particle Acceleration of Exogenous DNA into Immature Zygotic Embryos. Bio/Technology 9, pp. 957–962.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Conway, G. (1998): The Doubly Green Revolution: Food for All in the 21 ° Century. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.Google Scholar
  7. Datta, K., Z. Koukolikova-Nicola, N. Baisakh, N. Oliva, and S.K. Datta (2000): Agrobacterium-Mediated Engineering for Sheath Blight Resistance of Indica Rice Cultivars from Different Ecosystems. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 100, pp. 832–839.Google Scholar
  8. Datta, K., A. Vasquez, J. Tu, L. Torrizo, M.F. Alam, N. Oliva, E. Abrigo, G.S. Khush, and S.K. Datta (1998): Constitutive and Tissue-Specific Differential Expression of crylA(b) Gene in Transgenic Rice Plants Conferring Resistance to Rice Insect Pest. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 97, pp. 20–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Datta, S.K., K. Datta, L.B Torrizo, M.F. Alam, J. Tu, Y. Fan, K. Altosaar, J. Bentur, and G.S. Khush (1996): Production of Efficient Bt Rice and Application. Proceedings of the 2“ Pacific Rim Conference on Biotechnology of Bacillus thuringiensis and its Impact to the Environment. Chiang Mai, pp. 401–411.Google Scholar
  10. Datta, S.K., A. Peterhans, K. Datta, and I. Potrykus (1990): Genetically Engineered Fertile Indica-Rice Plants Recovered from Protoplasts. Bio/Technology 8, pp. 736–740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Datta, S.K., K. Datta, N. Soltanifar, G. Donn, and I. Potrykus (1992): Herbicide-Resistant Indica Rice Plants from IRRI Breeding Line IR72 after PEG-Mediated Transformation of Protoplasts. Plant Molecular Biology 20, pp. 619–629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. David, C.C., and K. Otsuka (1994): Modern Rice Technology and Income Distribution in Asia. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder and London.Google Scholar
  13. Dowling, N.G., S. M. Greenfield, and K.S. Fischer (eds.) (1998): Sustainability of Rice in the Global Food System. Pacific Basin Study Center, Davis, International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos.Google Scholar
  14. Duan, X., X. Li, Q. Xue, M. Abo-El-Saad, D. Xu, and R. Wu (1996): Transgenic Rice Plants Harboring an Introduced Potato Proteinase Inhibitor II Gene are Insect Resistant. Nature Biotechnology 14, pp. 494–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Eckholm, E.P. (1976): Losing Ground. Norton, New York.Google Scholar
  16. FAO (1999): FAOSTAT Electronic Database. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  17. Goto, F., T. Yoshihara, N. Shigemoto, S. Toki, and S. Takaiwa (1999): Iron Fortification of Rice Seed by the Soybean Ferritin Gene. Nature Biotechnology 17, pp. 282–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hayakawa, T., Y. Zhu, K. Itoh, and Y. Kimura (1992): Genetically Engineered Rice Resistant to Rice Stripe Virus, an Insect-Transmitted Virus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 89, pp. 9865–9869.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hazell, P.B.R., and C. Ramasamy (1991): The Green Revolution Reconsidered: The Impact of High Yielding Rice Varieties in Sri Lanka. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London.Google Scholar
  20. Hiei, Y., S. Ohta, T. Tomari, and T. Kumashiro (1994): Efficient Transformation of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Mediated by Agrobacterium and Sequence Analysis of the Boundaries of the T-DNA. Plant Journal 6, pp. 271–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hirabayashi, H., and T. Ogawa (1995): RFLP Mapping of Bph-1 (Brown Planthopper Resistance Gene) in Rice. Breeding Science 45, pp. 369–371.Google Scholar
  22. Hittalmani, S., M.R. Foolad, T.W Mew, R.L. Rodriguez, and N. Huang (1995): Development of PCR-Based Marker to Identify Rice Blast Resistance Gene, Pi-2(t) in a Segregating Population. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 91, pp. 9–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hossain, M. (1988): Nature and Impact of the Green Revolution in Bangladesh. IFPRI Research Report 67, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  24. Hossain, M., and P.L. Pingali (1998): Rice Research, Technological Progress, and Impact on Productivity and Poverty: An Overview. In: P.L. Pingali, and M. Hossain (eds.). Impact of Rice Research. Thailand Development and Research Institute, Bangkok, and International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos.Google Scholar
  25. Hossain, M., and K.S. Fischer (1995): Rice Research for Food Security and Sustainable Agricultural Development in Asia: Achievements and Future Challenges. GeoJournal 35 (3), pp. 286–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Huang, N., E.R. Angeles, J. Domingo, G. Magpantay, S. Singh, G. Zhang, N. Kumaravadivel, J. Bennett, and G.S. Khush (1997): Pyramiding of Bacterial Blight Resistance Genes in Rice: Marker Assisted Selection Using RFLP and PCR. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95, pp. 313–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ishii, T., D.S. Brar, D.S. Multani, and G.S. Khush (1994): Molecular Tagging of Genes for Brown Planthopper Resistance and Earliness Introgressed from Oryza australiensis Into Cultivated Rice O. Sativa. Genome 37, pp.217–221. Google Scholar
  28. Khush, G.S. (1995): Modern Varieties — Their Real Contribution to Food Supplies and Equity. GeoJournal 35 (3), pp. 275–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lin, W., C.S. Anuratha, K. Datta, I. Potrykus, S. Muthukrishnan, and S.K. Datta (1995): Genetic Engineering of Rice for Resistance to Sheath Blight. Bio/Technology, Vol. 13, pp. 686–691.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mackill, D.J., M.A. Salam, Z.Y. Wang, and S.D. Tanksley (1993): A Major Photoperiod Sensitivity Gene Tagged with RFLP and Isozyme Markers in Rice. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 85, pp. 536–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. McCouch, S.R., M.L. Abenes, E.R. Angeles, G.S. Khush, and S.D. Tanksley (1991): Molecular Tagging of a Recessive Gene, Xa-5, for Resistance to Bacterial Blight of Rice. Rice Genetic Newsletter 8, pp. 143–145.Google Scholar
  32. Mohan, M., S. Nair, J.S. Bentur, U.P. Rao, and J. Bennett (1994): RFLP and RAPD Mapping of the Rice Gm2 Gene that Confers Resistance to Biotype 1 of Gall Midge (Orseolia oryzae). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 87, pp. 782–788.Google Scholar
  33. Nandi, S., P.K. Subudhi, D. Senadhira, N.L. Manigbas, S. Sen-Mandi, and N. Huang (1997): Mapping QTLs for Submergence Tolerance in Rice.iy AFLP Analysis and Selective Genotyping. Molecular Genetics 255, pp. 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Paddock, W., and P. Paddock (1967): Time of Famines. Little, Brown and Company, Canada.Google Scholar
  35. Quimio, C., L.B. Torrizo, M. Ellis, E.M. Abrigo, N.P. Oliva, A.R. Vasquez, E.S. Ella, T.L. Setter, A.L. Carpena, O. Ito, W.J. Peacock, L. Dennis, and S.K. Datta (1999): Enhancement of Submergence Tolerance in Transgenic Rice Overproducing Pyruvate Decarboxylase. Journal of Plant Physiology,(in press).Google Scholar
  36. Rockefeller Foundation (1994, 1997, 1999): General Meeting of the International Program on Rice Biotechnology: Abstracts. Held in Bali, Indonesia (1944), Malacca, Malaysia (1997), and Phuket, Thailand (1999).Google Scholar
  37. Rola, A.C., and P.L. Pingali (1993): Pesticides, Rice Productivity and Farmers’ Health: An Economic Assessment. World Resources Institute, Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  38. Ronald, P.C., B. Albano, R. Tabien, L. Abenes, K. Wu, S.R. McCouch, and S.D. Tanksley (1992): Genetic and Physical Analysis of the Rice Bacterial Blight Resistance Locus, Xa21. Molecular Genetics 236, pp. 113–120.Google Scholar
  39. Sebastian, L.S., R. Ikeda, N. Huang, T. Imbe, W.R. Coffman, and S.R. McCouch (1996): Molecular Mapping of Resistance to Rice Tungro Spherical Virus and Green Leafhopper. Phytopathology 86, pp. 25–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Serageldin, I. (1999): Biotechnology and Food Security in the 21st Century. Science 285, pp. 387–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Tu, J., K. Datta, M.F. Alam, G.S. Khush, and S.K. Datta (1998a): Expression and Function of a Hybrid Bt Toxin Gene in Transgenic Rice Conferring Resistance to Insect Pests. Plant Biotechnology (Japan) 15, pp. 183–191.Google Scholar
  42. Tu, J., I. Ona, Q. Zhang, T.W. Mew, G.S. Khush, and S.K. Datta (1998b): Transgenic Rice Variety IR72 with Xa21 is Resistant to Bacterial Blight. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 97, pp. 31–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Underwood, B.A. (1999): Micronutrient Deficiencies as a Public Health Problem in Developing Countries and Effectiveness of Supplementation, Fortification and Nutrition Education Programs: Is There a Role for Agriculture? Paper presented in the Workshop on Nutrition and Agriculture, International Rice Research Institute, and International Food Policy Research Institute, Los Banos.Google Scholar
  44. UNDP (1998): Human Development Report, 1998. United Nations Development Program, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  45. Virmani, S.S. (ed.) (1994): Hybrid Rice Technology: New Developments and Future Prospects. Selected papers from the International Rice Research Conference, International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos.Google Scholar
  46. World Bank (various issues): Quarterly Review of Commodity Markets. The World Bank, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  47. Xu, D., X. Duan, B. Wang, B. Hong, T.H. David, and R. Wu (1996): Expression of a Late Embryogenesis Abundant Protein Gene, HVA1, from Barley Confers Tolerance to Water Deficit and Salt Stress in Transgenic Rice. Plant Physiology 110, pp. 249–257.Google Scholar
  48. Ye, X., S. Al-Babili, J. Zhang, P. Lucca, P. Beyer, and I. Potrykus (2000): Engineering the Provitamin A (f3-Carotene) Biosynthetic Pathway into (Carotenoid-Free) Rice Endosperm. Science 287, pp. 303–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yoshimura, S., A. Yoshimura, A. Saito, N. Kishimoto, M. Kawase, M. Yano, M. Nakagahra, T. Ogawa, and N. Iwata (1992): RFLP Analysis of Introgressed Chromosomal Segments in Three Near-Isogenic Lines of Rice Bacterial Blight Resistance Genes, Xa-1, Xa-3 and Xa-4. Japanese Journal of Genetics 67, pp. 29–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Yoshimura, S., A. Yoshimura, N. Iwata, S.R. McCouch, M.L. Abenes, M.R. Baraoidan, TW. Mew, and R.J. Nelson (1995): Tagging and Combining Bacteria Blight Resistance Genes in Rice Using RAPD and RFLP Markers. Molecular Breeding 1, pp. 375–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Yu, Z.H., D.J. Mackill, J.M. Bonman, and S.D. Tanksley (1991): Tagging Genes for Blast Resistance in Rice via Linkage to RFLP Markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 81, pp. 471–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhang, G., T.S. Bharaj, Y. Lu, S.S. Virniani, and N. Huang (1997): Mapping of the Rf-3 Nuclear Fertility-Restoring Gene for WA Cytoplasmic Male Sterility in Rice Using RAPD and RFLP Markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 94, pp. 27–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhang, G., E.R. Angeles, M.L.P. Abenes, G.S. Khush, and N. Huang (1996): RAPD and RFLP Mapping of the Bacterial Blight Resistance Gene Xa-13 in Rice. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 93, pp. 65–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahabub Hossain
  • John Bennett
  • Swapan Datta
  • Hei Leung
  • Gurdev Khush

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations