The oral microflora and human periodontal disease

  • Jørgen Slots
  • Casey Chen
Chapter

Abstract

The periodontium consists of gingiva, periodontal ligament, root cementurm and alveolar bone (Fig. 5. 1).

Keywords

Periodontal Pocket Periodontal Pathogen Periodontitis Patient Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Type Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alaluusua, S., Saarela, M., Jousimies Somer, H. and Asikainen, S. (1993) Ribotyping shows intrafamilial similarity in Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans isolates. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 8, 225–229.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alcoforado, G. A., Rams, T. E., Feik, D. and Slots, J. (1991) Microbial aspects of failing osseointegrated dental implants in humans. Journal de Pariodontologie, 10, 11–18.Google Scholar
  3. Ashimoto, A., Chen, C., Bakker, I. and Slots, J. (1996) Polymerase chain reaction detection of 8 putative periodontal pathogens in subgingival plaque of gingivitis and advanced periodontitis lesions. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 11, 266–273.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Asikainen, S., Chen, C. and Slots, J. (1996) Likelihood of transmitting Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis in families with periodontitis. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 11, 387–394.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Asikainen, S., Lai, C. H., Alaluusua, S. and Slots, J. (1991) Distribution of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans serotypes in periodontal health and disease. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 6, 115–118.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bonta, Y., Zambon, J. J., Genco, R. J. and Neiders, M. E. (1985) Rapid identification of periodontal pathogens in subgingival plaque: comparison of indirect immunofluorescence microscopy with bacterial culture for detection of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Journal of Dental Research, 64, 793–798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brown, L. J. and Loe, H. (1993) Prevalence, extent, severity and progression of periodontal disease. Periodontology 2000, 2, 57–71.Google Scholar
  8. Christersson, L. A., Mbini, B., Zambon, J. (1987) Tissue localization of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in human periodontitis. 1. Light, immunofluorescence and electron microscopic studies. Journal of Periodontology, 58, 529–539.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chung, C. P., Nisengard, R. J., Slots, J. and Genco, R. J. (1983) Bacterial IgG and IgM antibody titers in acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. Journal of Period-ontology, 54, 557–562.Google Scholar
  10. Contreras, A. and Slots, J. (1996) Mammalian viruses in human periodontitis. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 11, 381–386.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Contreras, A., Falkler W. A. Jr, Enwonwu, C. O. et al. (1997) Human Herpesviridae in acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis in Nigerian children. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 12, 259–265.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. DiRienzo, J. M. and Slots, J. (1990) Genetic approach to the study of epidemiology and pathogenesis of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in localized juvenile periodontitis. Archives of Oral Biology, 35 (Suppl.), 79S - 84S.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dougherty, M. A. and Slots, J. (1993) Periodontal diseases in young individuals. Journal of the California Dental Association, 21, 55–69.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Dzink, J. L., Socransky, S. S., Ebersole, J. L. and Frey, D. E. (1983) ELISA and conventional techniques for identification of black-pigmented Bacteroides isolated from periodontal pockets. Journal of Periodontology Research, 18, 369–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fives-Taylor, P., Meyer, D. and Mintz, K. (1995) Characteristics of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans invasion of and adhesion to cultured epithelial cells. Advances in Dental Research, 9, 55–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Goldhaber, P. and Giddon, D. B. (1964) Present concepts concerning the etiology and treatment of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. International Dental Journal, 14, 468–496.Google Scholar
  17. Hart, T. C. (1996) Genetic risks factors for early-onset periodontitis. Journal of Periodontology, 67, 355–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hillman, J. D., Socransky, S. S. and Shivers, M. (1985) The relationships between streptococcal species and periodontopathic bacteria in human dental plaque. Archives of Oral Biology, 30, 791–795.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Holt, S. C. and Bramanti, T. E. (1991) Factors in virulence expression and their role in periodontal disease pathogenesis. Critical Reviews of Oral Biology and Medicine, 2, 177–281.Google Scholar
  20. Loesche, W. J., Syed, S. A., Laughon, B. E. and Stoll, J. (1982) The bacteriology of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. Journal of Periodontology, 53, 223–230.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Maiden, M. F. J., Lai, C.-H. and Tanner, A. (1992) Characteristics of oral gram-positive bacteria, in Contemporary Oral Microbiology and Immunology, (eds J. Slots and M. A. Taubman ), C. V. Mosby, St Louis, MO, pp. 342–372.Google Scholar
  22. Meyer, D. H. and Fives-Taylor, P. M. (1994) Characteristics of adherence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans to epithelial cells. Infection and Immunity, 62, 928–935.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Moore, W. E. C. and Moore, L V. H. (1994) The bacteria of periodontal diseases. Periodontology 2000, 5, 66–77.Google Scholar
  24. Murray, P. A. (1994) Periodontal diseases in patients infected by human immunodeficiency virus. Periodontology 2000, 6, 50–67.Google Scholar
  25. Nisengard, R. J., Mikulski, L., McDuffie, D. and Bronson, P. (1992) Development of a rapid latex agglutination test for periodontal pathogens. Journal of Period-ontology, 63, 611–617.Google Scholar
  26. Parra, B. and Slots, J. (1996) Detection of human viruses in periodontal pockets using polymerase chain reaction. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 11, 289–293.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Perry, M. B., MacLean, L. L., Gmur, R. and Wilson, M. E. (1996) Characterization of the O-polysaccharide structure of lipopolysaccharide from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans serotype b. Infection and Immunity, 64, 1215–1219.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Rams, T. E., Andriolo, M. Jr, Feik, D. et al. (1991) Microbiological study of HIV-related periodontitis. Journal of Periodontology, 62, 74–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rosan, B., Slots, J., Lamont, R. J. et al. (1988) Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans fimbriae. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 3, 58–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Saarela, M., von Troil-Lindén, B., Torkko, H. et al. (1993) Transmission of oral bacterial species between spouses. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 8, 349–354.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Slots, J. (1986) Rapid identification of important periodontal microorganisms by cultivation. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 1, 48–57.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Slots, J. and Genco, R. J. (1984) Black-pigmented Bacteroides species, Capnocytophaga species, and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in human periodontal disease: virulence factors in colonization, survival, and tissue destruction. Journal of Dental Research, 63, 412–421.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Slots, J. and Rams, T. E. (1996) Systemic and topical antimicrobial therapy in periodontics. Periodontology 2000, 10, 5–159.Google Scholar
  34. Slots, J. and Schonfeld, S. E. (1991) Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in localized juvenile periodontitis, in Periodontal Disease: Pathogens and Host Immune Response, (eds S. Hamada, S. C. Holt and J. R. McGhee), Quintessence, Tokyo, pp. 53–64.Google Scholar
  35. Slots, J., Reynolds, H. S. and Genco, R. J. (1980) Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in human periodontal disease: a cross-sectional microbiological investigation. Infection and Immunity, 29, 1013–1020.Google Scholar
  36. Socransky, S. S. (1979) Criteria for the infectious agents in dental caries and periodontal disease. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 6, 16–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Socransky, S. S. and Haffajee, A. D. (1994) Microbiology and immunology of periodontal diseases. Periodontology 2000, 5, 7–168.Google Scholar
  38. Tanner, A., Lai, C.-H. and Maiden, M. (1992) Characteristics of oral gram-negative species, in Contemporary Oral Microbiology and Immunology, (eds J. Slots and M. A. Taubman ), C. V. Mosby, St Louis, MO, pp. 299–341.Google Scholar
  39. Tay, F., Liu, Y. B., Flynn, M. J. and Slots, J. (1992) Evaluation of a non-radioactive DNA probe for detecting Porphyromonas gingivalis in subgingival specimens. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 7, 344–348.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tew, J. G., Zhang, J.-B., Quinn, S., et al. (1996) Antibodies of the IgG2 subclass, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, and early-onset periodontitis. Journal of Periodontology, 67, 317–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Von Troil-Lindén, B., Torkko, H., Alaluusua, S. et al. (1995) Periodontal findings in spouses. A clinical, radiographic and microbiological study. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 22, 93–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wilson, M. E. and Kalmar, J. R. (1996) FcyRIIa (CD32): a potential marker defining susceptibility to localized juvenile periodontitis. Journal of Periodontology, 67, 323–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zambon, J. J., Christersson, L. A. and Slots, J. (1983) Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in human periodontal disease. Prevalence in patient groups and distribution of biotypes and serotypes within families. Journal of Periodontology, 54, 707–711.Google Scholar
  44. Zambon, J. J., Reynolds, H. S. and Genco, R. J. (1990) Studies of the subgingival microflora in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Journal of Periodontology, 61, 699–704.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Zambon, J. J., Reynolds, H. S., Chen, P. and Genco, R. J. (1985) Rapid identification of periodontal pathogens in subgingival dental plaque. Comparison of indirect immunofluorescence microscopy with bacterial culture for detection of Bacteroides gingivalis. Journal of Periodontology, 56, 32–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zambon, J. J., Haraszthy, V. I., Hariharan, G. et al. (1996) The microbiology of early-onset periodontitis: association of highly toxic Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strains with localized juvenile periodontitis. Journal of Periodonto-logy, 67, 282–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jørgen Slots
  • Casey Chen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations