Oral Cavity

  • George A. Corey

Abstract

Optimal health requires proper function of the oral cavity. As portal to the aerodigestive system, the oral cavity serves both alimentary and respiratory functions. The mouth is also a primary organ of smiling and socialization throughout life, with aesthetic and interpersonal values that belie its hard-working nature. Discomfort, disease, and disfigurement are particularly troubling at this bodily location. This chapter addresses the surveillance, prevention, and recognition of common oral lesions found in the asymptomatic patient as well as common symptomatic disorders of the oral cavity.

Keywords

Oral Cavity Dental Fluorosis Articular Disc Dent Assoc Oral Malodor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Greene J, Louie R, Wycoff S. Preventative dentistry. I. Dental caries. JAMA 1989;262:1220–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pang DT, Vann WF Jr. The use of fluoride-containing toothpastes in young children: the scientific evidence for recommending a small quantity. Pediatr Dent 1992;14:384–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pang DT, Phillips CL, Bawden JW. Fluoride intake from beverage consumption in a sample of North Carolina children. J Dent Res 1992;71:1382–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Szpunar SM, Burt BA. Evaluation of appropriate use of dietary fluoride supplements in the US. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1992;20:148–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Szpunar SM, Eklund SA, Burt BA. Sugar consumption and caries risk in schoolchildren with low caries experience. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1995;23:142–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gustafsson B, Quensel C, Lanke L, et al. The Vipeholm Dental Caries Study: the effect of different levels of carbohydrate intake on caries activity in 436 individuals observed for five years. Acta Odontol Scand 1954;11:232–364.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ripa L. Nursing caries: a comprehensive review. Pediatr Dent 1988;10:268–82.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Weintraub JA, Stearns SC, Burt BA, Beltran E, Eklund SA. A retrospective analysis of the cost-effectiveness of dental sealants in a children’s health center. Soc Sci Med 1993;36:1483–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sheiham A. Is there a scientific basis for six-monthly dental examinations? Lancet 1977;2:442–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lang N, Cumming B, Loe H. Toothbrushing frequency as it relates to plaque development and gingival health. J Periodontol 1973;44:398–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Greene J, Louie R, Wycoff S. Preventative dentistry. II. Periodontal diseases, malocclusion, trauma, and oral cancer. JAMA 1989;263:421–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Merideth G. The airway and dentofacial development. Ear Nose Throat J 1987;66:7–14.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vargervik K, Harvold E. Experiments on the interaction between orofacial functioning and morphology. Ear Nose Throat J 1987;66:26–39.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mashberg A. Early detection, diagnosis, and management of oral and oropharyngeal cancer. CA Cancer J Clin 1989;39:67–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bouquot J. Common oral lesions found during a mass screening examination. J Am Dent Assoc 1986;112:50–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Knapp M. Oral disease in 181,388 consecutive oral examinations. J Am Dent Assoc 1971;83:1288–93.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    De Boever EH, Loesche WJ. Assessing the contribution of anaerobic microflora of the tongue to oral malodor. J Am Dent Assoc 1995;126:1384–93.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bosy A, Kulkarni GV, Rosenberg M, McCulloch CA. Relationship of oral malodor to periodontitis: evidence of independence in discrete subpopulations. J Periodonto 1994;65:37–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yaegaki K, Sanada K. Biochemical and clinical factors influencing oral malodor in periodontal patients. J Periodontol 1992;63:783–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lu D. Halitosis: an etiologic classification, a treatment approach, and prevention. Oral Surg 1982;54:521–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rosenberg M, Gelernter I, Barki M, Bar-Ness K. Day-long reduction of oral malodor by a two-phase oil:water mouthrinse as compared to chlorhexidine and placebo rinses. J Periodontol 1992;63:39–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    McDowell JD, Kassebaum DK. Diagnosing and treating halitosis. J Am Dent Assoc 1993;124:55–64.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tiomny E, Arber N, Moshkowitz M, Peled Y, Gilat T. Halitosis and Helicobacter pylori: a possible link? J Clin Gastroenterol 1992;15:236–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Truta M, Santucci E. Head and neck fibromyalgia and temporomandibular arthralgia. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1989; 22:1159–71.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    O’Rahilly R. Parotid, temporal, and infratemporal regions. In: Gardner E, Gray D, O’Rahilly R, editors. Anatomy: a regional study of human structure. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1975:659–73.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Laskin D, Greene C. Technological methods in the diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular disorders. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 1990;6:558–68.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Schiffman E, Haley D, Baker C, Lindgren B. Diagnostic criteria for screening headache patients for temporomandibular disorders. Headache 1995;35:121–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Southwell J, Deary I, Geissler P. Personality and anxiety in temporomandibular joint patients. J Oral Rehabil 1990;17: 239–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Egermark-Eriksson I, Carlsson G, Magnusson T, Thilander B. A longitudinal study on malocclusion in relation to signs and symptoms of cranio-mandibular disorders in children and adolescents. Eur J Orthod 1990;12:339–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Erlandson P, Poppen R. Electromyographic feedback and rest position training of masticatory muscles in myofascial pain-dysfunction patients. J Prosthet Dent 1989;62:335–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cooper B, Cooper D, Lucente F. Electromyography of masticatory muscles in craniomandibular disorders. Laryngoscope 1991;101:150–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zambito R. Neuromuscular occlusion: the controversy continues. NY State Dent J 1990:10–12.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Cooper BC. The role of bioelectronic instruments in the management of TMD. NY State Dent J 1995;61:48–53.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • George A. Corey

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations