Family Medicine pp 1087-1094 | Cite as

Osteoporosis

  • Louise S. Acheson
  • Kurt C. Stange

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a condition of reduced bone density and increased susceptibility to fractures without abnormal mineralization of bone matrix.1 The World Health Organization (WHO) defines osteoporosis as the presence of a bone mineral density (BMD) at least 2.5 standard deviations below the mean BMD for young adults.2 Osteoporosis affects an estimated 20 million to 25 million people in the United States, particularly postmenopausal women and the elderly of both sexes.3 Its most common serious manifestations are fractures of the hip, forearm, and vertebrae. Measures taken at several critical periods during the life cycle, especially childhood, the climacteric, and old age, have the potential to prevent osteoporotic fractures. Therefore family physicians are in a key position for preventing and treating this disease.

Keywords

Bone Mineral Density Bone Mass Osteoporotic Fracture Calcium Intake Quantitative Compute Tomography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louise S. Acheson
  • Kurt C. Stange

There are no affiliations available

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