Operating Systems

  • Oliver Grillmeyer
Chapter
Part of the Undergraduate Texts in Computer Science book series (UTCS)

Abstract

The operating system serves a number of functions in a computer system. It acts as an abstraction level between the hardware and the software to facilitate access to programs existing in the computer system. The operation system provides a simpler means of dealing with the resources that programs must use such as memory, printers, and input and output (I/O) devices (terminals, keyboards, and mouse). The operating system handles the information stored within the computer system; this information is typically maintained as a file system. The operating system takes care of the computer system memory, handling its distribution to programs running on the computer, and protection such that one program cannot corrupt another program. The operating system manages the programs running on the computer system to best utilize the resources of the computer; this is called process management. Each of these areas is discussed in more depth below. However, to better understand the workings of an operating system, it is important to understand the different pieces composing a computer system.

Keywords

Schedule Algorithm Turnaround Time Peripheral Device Distribute Operating System Tape Drive 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Additional Reading

  1. Nutt, G.J. (1992). Centralized and Distributed Operating Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.MATHGoogle Scholar
  2. Silberschatz, A. and Galvin, P.B. (1994). Operating System Concepts, Fourth edition, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Tanenbaum, A.S. (1992). Modern Operating Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.MATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Tanenbaum, A.S. (1995). Distributed Operating Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oliver Grillmeyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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