What is an Intelligent System?

  • Ian S. Shaw
Chapter
Part of the The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 457)

Abstract

A so-called intelligent system gives appropriate problem-solving responses to problem inputs, even if such inputs are new and unexpected. Such behavior is “novel” or “creative”. The workings of intelligent systems are usually described by analogies with biological systems by, for example, looking at how human beings perform control tasks, recognize patterns, or make decisions. At the moment, there exists a considerable mismatch between humans and machines, in as much as humans reason in uncertain, imprecise, fuzzy ways while machines and the computers that run them are based on binary reasoning. Eliminating this mismatch would make machines more intelligent, that is, they would be enabled to reason in a fuzzy manner like humans.

Keywords

Intelligent System Fuzzy Control Fuzzy Controller Fuzzy Adaptive Control Problem Input 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. APOSTEL, L: “Formal Study of Models.” In The Concept and the Role of the Model in Mathematics and Natural and Social Science. Freudenthal H, ed. Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht, 1961.Google Scholar
  2. ARNOLD WR, BOWIE JS: Artificial Intelligence — A Personal Commonsense Journey.Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ , USA, 1986.MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. BARR, A., FEIGENBAUM, EA: The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence. Los Altos, Ca. 1981; 1; 1982; 2–3.MATHGoogle Scholar
  4. FORDYCE, K., NORDEN, P. , SULLIVAN, G.: “Artificial Intelligence and the Management Science Practitioner: One Definition of Knowledge-Based Expert Systems.” Interfaces, 1989; 19; 66–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. HARMON P., KING D.: Expert Systems: AI in business. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1985.Google Scholar
  6. KASTNER, JK., HONG, SJ: “A Review of Expert Systems.” European Journal of Operations Research. 1984; 18; 285–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian S. Shaw
    • 1
  1. 1.Industrial Electronic Technology Research GroupRand Afrikaans UniversityJohannesburgRepublic of South Africa

Personalised recommendations