Eosinophil Signal Transduction

  • Hirohito Kita
Chapter

Abstract

Eosinophils are important effector cells in host defense against parasites, in allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma and atopic dermatitis, and in diseases associated with eosinophilia (1,2). The eosinophil is an important source of cytotoxic proteins, lipid mediators, and oxygen metabolites, which have the potential to induce pathology in disease. However, little is known about the mechanisms coupling receptors and effector functions of eosinophils. Studies in eosinophils have been hampered because eosinophils represent only a small fraction of peripheral white blood cells, and the isolation of large numbers of cells for biochemical studies has been difficult. However, recent advances in procedures have enabled us to isolate eosinophils from normal individuals with high purity and reasonable recovery. Furthermore, techniques have become available to analyze intracellular events at a single-cell level. This chapter will review recent advances in the studies of eosinophil signal transduction, in the hope of finding ways to modulate eosinophil activation therapeutically in patients with eosinophil-associated diseases.

Keywords

Tyrosine Phosphorylation Platelet Activate Factor Phosphatidic Acid Respiratory Burst Human Eosinophil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

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  • Hirohito Kita

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