Syncope

  • Wishwa N. Kapoor

Abstract

Syncope is defined as a sudden transient loss of consciousness associated with loss of postural tone from which the patient recovers spontaneously. Syncope has a large differential diagnosis ranging from common benign problems to severe life-threatening disorders. As a result, the approach to this symptom frequently results in hospital admission and performance of many diagnostic tests. Although evaluation is often focused on explaining the symptom by a single disease process, this may not apply to the elderly since multiple physiologic processes and age-related changes may contribute to syncope.1 This chapter briefly reviews the pathophysiology and etiologies of syncope and provides a practical and directed evaluation of syncope in the elderly.

Keywords

Aortic Stenosis Orthostatic Hypotension Multiple System Atrophy Carotid Sinus Tilt Testing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wishwa N. Kapoor

There are no affiliations available

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