Gastritis, Esophagitis, and Peptic Ulcer Disease

  • Alan M. Adelman
  • James P. Richardson

Abstract

Dyspepsia refers to upper abdominal pain or discomfort and is often associated with fullness, belching, bloating, heartburn, food intolerance, nausea, or vomiting. Dyspepsia is a common problem and can be difficult and expensive to diagnosis specifically. In this chapter, dyspepsia is first discussed in general terms as a symptom that prompts a visit to the physician, after which its common causes are presented.

Keywords

Gastric Cancer Duodenal Ulcer Gastric Ulcer Peptic Ulcer Disease Esophageal Varix 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Lydeard S, Jones R. Facrors affecting the decision to consult with dyspepsia: comparison of consulters and nonconsulters. J R Coll Gen Pract 1989;39: 495–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Johnsen R, Bernersen B, Straume B, et al. Prevalences of endoscopic and histological findings in subjects with and without dyspepsia. BMJ 1991;302: 749–52.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Health and Public Policy Committee, American College of Physicians. Endoscopy in the evaluation of dyspepsia. Ann Intern Med 1985;102:266–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    NIH Consensus Development Panel on Helicobacter pylori in Peptic Ulcer Disease. JAMA 1994;272:65–69.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Altorki NK, Skinner DB. Pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux. Am J Med 1989;86:685–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Michocki RJ, Richardson JP. The clinical use of histamine-2 receptor antagonists. Maryland Med J 1992;41:397–400.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Feldman M, Burton ME. Histamine2-receptor antagonists: standard therapy for acid-peptic diseases. N Engl J Med 1990;323:1672–80, 1749–55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Richter JE. Surgery for reflux disease—reflections of a gastroenterologist. N Engl J Med 1992;326:825–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Spechler SJ, Department of Veterans Affairs Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Study Group. Comparison of medical and surgical therapy for complicated gastroesophageal reflux disease in veterans. N Engl J Med 1992;326:786–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    McGuigan JE. Peptic ulcer and gastritis. In: Wilson JD, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, et al., editors. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. 12th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991:1229–48.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hixson LJ, Kelley CL, Jones WN, Tuohy CD. Current trends in the pharmacorherapy for peptic ulcer disease. Arch Intern Med 1992;152:726–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Forbes GM, Glaser ME, Cullen DJE, et al. Duodenal ulcer treated with Helicobacter pylori eradication: seven year follow-up. Lancet 1994;343:258–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Feldman M. The acid test—making clinical sense of the consensus conference on Helicobacter pylori. JAMA 1994;272:70–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Poynard T, Cales P, Pasta L, et al. Beta-adrenergic-antagonist drugs in the prevention of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with cirrhosis and esophageal varices: an analysis of data and prognostic factors in 589 patients from four randomized clinical trials. N Engl J Med 1991;324:1532–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mayer RJ. Neoplasms of the esophagus and stomach. In: Wilson JD, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, et al., editors. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. 12th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991:1248–51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan M. Adelman
  • James P. Richardson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations