The Bioenergetics of Reproduction in Prosimian Primates: is it Related to Female Dominance?

  • Christopher D. Tilden
  • Olav T. Oftedal
Chapter

Abstract

Primates have been characterized as having relatively low reproductive rates, as indicated by extended periods of gestation, lactation, and infant dependency (Sacher and Staffeldt, 1974; Martin, 1975; Eisenberg, 1981; Ankel-Simons, 1983; Harvey and Clutton-Brock, 1985; Rasmussen, 1986; Rasmussen and Izard, 1988). Nonetheless, among primates there have evolved diverse patterns of reproduction and parental care. For example, in some species care is provided solely by the mother, while in other species other members of the family are primary care-givers. Infants may be carried nearly continuously; or they may be left in a nest, in tree holes, or on branches for extended periods of time. Some species may exhibit communal care and nursing. Rearing patterns are especially diverse among prosimian primates. Patterns vary from those of the social, diurnal lemurs of Madagascar in which females of most species carry their dependent young, and in some species with the assistance of family members (Klopfer and Klopfer, 1970; Klopfer, 1974; Wright, 1990) to those of the small, solitary, nocturnal bushbabies and lorises of Asia and Africa in which females provide nearly all care, and frequently must park their infants to forage for food (Doyle et al., 1969; Rosenson, 1971, 1972; Harcourt, 1984; Rasmussen, 1986).

Keywords

Milk Yield Basal Metabolic Rate Gestation Length Female Dominance Agricultural Research Council 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher D. Tilden
    • 1
  • Olav T. Oftedal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biological Anthropology and AnatomyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Department of Zoological Research National Zoological ParkSmithsonian InstitutionUSA

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