The Prokaryotes pp 3512-3523 | Cite as

The Genus Wolinella

  • Anne Tanner
  • Bruce J. Paster

Abstract

The genus Wolinella was proposed (as was the genus Campylobacter) for certain species originally classified in the genus Vibrio and was placed in the family Bacteroidaceae (Krieg and Holt, 1984). Wolinella was named for Dr. Meyer Wolin, an American bacteriologist who first described a microorganism (Vibrio succinogenes) with a metabolism that characterizes this genus. Bacteria of the genus Wolinella are Gram-negative rods that may be straight, curved, or helical. They are motile by means of a single polar flagellum. They are anaerobic and can utilize hydrogen gas or formate as electron donor with fumarate or nitrate as electron acceptor. Under these conditions, fumarate can also serve as a sole carbon source (Bronder et al., 1982). Wolinella species do not oxidize or ferment carbohydrates, but peptides stimulate growth (Gillespie and Holt, 1987). The GC content of their DNA ranges from 42 to 48 mol% whereas the GC content of Campylobacter ranges from 28 to 38 mol%.

Keywords

Periodontal Disease Fumaric Acid Formate Dehydrogenase Sodium Formate Fumarate Reductase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Tanner
  • Bruce J. Paster

There are no affiliations available

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