Lewin’s Theory and Method
Kurt Lewin viewed his Field Theory not as a formal theory so much as an approach to conceptualization (Cartwright, 1959; de Rivera, 1976) or a point of view (Jones, 1985). In the theoretical style of the times, Lewin was interested in establishing general laws in psychology. His conceptual formulations were shaped into a system designed to lead to understanding the dynamic laws of behavior. As a gestalt psychologist, Lewin began his career interested in learning and perception. He gradually incorporated motivational factors into his system, making him what Jones (1985) called a “hot gestaltist.” This interdependence of motivation with perception and learning is what Lewin first called the life space. This concept includes one most important component — the situational field as it is experienced by the individual. Later, Lewin expanded the concept to incorporate situational factors including objective features of the environment as well as actions of other people. But the meaning for behavior of these features of the environment, was seen as a function of the needs of the individual.
KeywordsGroup Dynamics Gifted Student Group Life Life Space Group Psychology
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