Absolute MWD’s of Polyacrylamides by Sedimentation and Light Scattering

  • G. Holzwarth
  • L. Soni
  • D. N. Schulz
  • J. Bock
Chapter

Abstract

There is at present no rapid, reliable commercial method for determining the molecular weight distribution of polyacrylamides, especially for molecular weights exceeding 5 × 106. Size exclusion chromatography, or SEC, which might be expected to be the method of choice, has molecular weight, polarity, and shear degradation limitations for very high MW polymers.1–5 Recently, we reported a new absolute MWD method for high molecular weight water-soluble polymers based upon the combination of band sedimentation and low-angle laser light scattering, termed S/LALLS.6 The advantages of this new method include applicability for polymers with M = 106 to 108, automatic sample clarification, minimal adsorption problems, no shear degradation, and the use of commercial components. Two other new methods, hydrodynamic chromatography and field-flow-fractionation, have also been developed recently to meet the need for new separation techniques.7,8

Keywords

Carbon Capture Partial Specific Volume Refractive Index Increment HPAM Polymer Preparative Ultracentrifuge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Holzwarth
    • 1
  • L. Soni
    • 2
  • D. N. Schulz
    • 2
  • J. Bock
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA
  2. 2.Exxon Research and Engineering Co.AnnandaleUSA

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