Chemical and Biological Processes in CO2-Ocean Models
The amount of CO2 that will ultimately be released to the atmosphere by mankind’s use of fossil fuels will doubtless be several times the amount of CO2 contained in the preindustrial atmosphere and equivalent to many times the amount of carbon that can be taken up by the terrestrial biosphere. Thus the oceans will become the sink for most of the excess carbon that does not remain in the atmosphere. To avoid too rapid or too great a rise in the atmospheric concentrations of CO2 during this massive transfer of fossil carbon to the oceans, it will be necessary to predict reliably the rate at which the oceans will take up excess CO2 from the atmosphere.
KeywordsPartial Pressure Reference Case Eddy Diffusion Excess Carbon Oceanographic Data
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Baes, Jr., C. F. 1982. Effects of Ocean Chemistry and Biology on Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. In W. C. Clark, ed., Carbon Dioxide Review 1982, pp. 187204. Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
- Baes, Jr., C. F., and G. G. Killough. 1985. A two-dimensional CO2-ocean model including the biological processes. U.S. Department of Energy report DOE/ NBB-0070 TRO 21.Google Scholar
- Broecker, W. S. 1983. The Oceans. Sci. Am. 249: 146–160.Google Scholar
- Oeschger, H., S. Siegenthaler, U. Schotterer, and A. Gugelmann. 1975. A box diffusion model to study the carbon-dioxide exchange in nature. Tellus 27: 168192.Google Scholar
- Redfield, A. C., B. H. Ketchum, and F. A. Richards. 1963. The Influence of Organisms on the Composition of Seawater. In N. M. Hill, ed., The Sea, Vol. 2, pp. 26–77. Wiley Interscience, New York.Google Scholar