Introduction to the Renal-Body Fluid Regulating System

  • Esmail Koushanpour
  • Wilhelm Kriz
Chapter

Abstract

All cells of the body are bathed by a fluid called the interstitial fluid, which provides the internal environment of the cells. Both volume and composition of the interstitial fluid must remain within narrow limits, or malfunctions result. Abnormal volumes of vascular and interstitial fluids impair cardiovascular function, and abnormal composition of interstitial fluid impairs cell function. The relevant concentrations include those of electrolytes (e.g., sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, chloride, phosphate, sulfate, and hydrogen ions), metabolic waste products, and even water (osmotic effects).

Keywords

Interstitial Fluid Extracellular Volume Fluid Compartment Sulfate Sulfur Interstitial Compartment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Gamble JL: Chemical Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology of Extracellular Fluid. A Lecture Syllabus, ed 6. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1967.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Goldberger E: A Primer of Water, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Syndrome, ed 5. Philadelphia, Lea and Febiger, 1975.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Benson SW: Chemical Calculations. New York, John Wiley and Sons, Inc, 1954.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hammett LP: Introduction to the Study of Physical Chemistry. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co Inc, 1952.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Koushanpour E: Renal Physiology: Principles and Functions, ed 1. Philadelphia, WB Saunders Co, 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esmail Koushanpour
    • 1
  • Wilhelm Kriz
    • 2
  1. 1.Northwestern University Medical SchoolChicagoUSA
  2. 2.University of HeidelbergHeidelbergFederal Republic of Germany

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