Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857 – 1940) (Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1927)
Of the one hundred and thirty-four Nobel Prizes for Medicine and Physiology awarded since 1901 twenty are for research in the neurosciences, five of them for behavioural research and two for work related to psychiatry. Only one psychiatrist has ever been thus honoured: Julius Wagner-Jauregg of Vienna, for his achievement in the fever treatment of General Paralysis of the Insane. It is appropriate that his life and achievements be recalled on the occasion of the World Congress of Psychiatry in Vienna in 1983, one hundred years after Wagner-Jauregg’s entrance into psychiatry.
KeywordsNobel Prize Typhoid Fever Mental Hospital Fever Treatment Senior Civil Servant
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