Thermodiffusion in Macromolecular Solutions

  • Marzio Giglio
  • Antonio Vendramini
Part of the Nato Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 23)

Abstract

As it is well known, self-beating spectroscopy has largely superceded classical techniques such as free diffusion for the determination of the diffusion coefficient of macromolecules in solution. Indeed with classical techniques one obtains the value for the diffusion coefficient from the time evolution of concentration gradients associated with a non stationary mass flow generated under precise geometrical boundary conditions1. In a free diffusion experiment for example one prepares the sample in such a way that a sharp discontinuity in the concentration is initially built across a horizontal plane (the so called “meniscus”). A mass flow then occurs spontaneously across the boundary and persists until the concentration becomes homogeneous throughout the entire volume. Sharp menisci difficult to prepare however and the evolution of the concentration gradient can be easily upset by even the slightest amount of convective motion.

Keywords

Classical Technique Beam Deflection Angular Deflection Macromolecular Solution Thermal Diffusion Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    L J Gosting, in Advances in Protein Chemistry, vol. XI, (Academic Press, New York, 1956).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S R de Groot and P Mazur, Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics, (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1962).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H J V Tyrrell, Diffusion and Heat Flow in Liquids, (Butterworth, London, 1961).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J A Bierlein, J Chem Phys. 23, 10, 1955.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M Giglio and A Vendramini, Phys Rev Lett. 34, 561, 1975.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    The measurements have been performed in our laboratory by M Corti. See also the contribution of M Corti and V Degiorgio in this volume.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marzio Giglio
    • 1
  • Antonio Vendramini
    • 1
  1. 1.C.I.S.E.Segrate (Milano)Italy

Personalised recommendations