The impetus for this volume is provided by a feeling common to several of us who took Ph.D.s in psychology at Berkeley between the end of World War II and the early 1960s. As many people do, we talk of the “good old days” when psychology progressed without the elaborate technology which characterizes much of today’s research. You know the line, “iron men with T-mazes, stopwatches, and F scale”. Through the years, however, we have come to realize that the climate at Berkeley during that period was more than just intellectually stimulating for the participants. It was a period during which many of us acquired (perhaps without understanding it at the time) a general view of psychological inquiry. This view is not tied to a specific subject field and requires no commitment to a specific research problem, apparatus, or technique. It is, rather, a dedication to one's own special research field tempered by an historically based appreciation of overriding general psychological issues and their ramifications. For those of us who grew up at Berkeley, it has been difficult to step into our laboratories and to immerse ourselves in a research problem without being concerned about the implications of our mode of inquiry and the meaning of our experimental results in a broad perspective.
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