Use of surfactant theory

  • M. R. Porter

Abstract

Formulations using surfactants, particularly mixtures of surfactants, have been devised by trial and error, and theory has followed to explain the observed results. The application of theory will not lead to quick, easy solutions of practical problems. However there is a need to have a grasp of theory for a better understanding of the mode of action of a surfactant. This helps in the more rapid and efficient selection of the correct surfactant, and possibly other components.

Keywords

Surface Tension Critical Micelle Concentration Surfactant Molecule Hydrophobic Group Hydrophilic Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aveyard, R. (1987) Chem. Ind. 20, 474.Google Scholar
  2. Baglioni, P., Bengiovanni, R., Rivara-Minten, E. and Kevan, L. (1989) J. Phys. Chem. 93 (14) 5574–5578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Biswas, A.K. and Mukherji, B.K. (1960) J. Appl. Chem. 10, 73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bland P. and Winchester, J.M. (1968) Proceedings of the fifth International Congress on Surface Activity, Barcelona, III, 325.Google Scholar
  5. Falbe, J., ed. (1987) Surfactants in Consumer Products, Springer-Verlag, New York, p. 165.Google Scholar
  6. Gray, F.W., Krems, I.G. and Gerecht, J.F. (1965) J. Am. Oil. Chem. Soc. 42, 298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Griffin, W.C. (1949) J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 1, 311.Google Scholar
  8. Gruntfest, I.J. (1951) Textile Res. J. 21, 861–966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Komor, J.A. and Beiswanger, J.P.G. (1966) J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 43, 435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lunkenheimer K., Miller, R. and Hartenstein, C. (1981) Colloids Surfaces 3, 329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Myers, D. (1988) Surfactant Science and Technology, VCH, New York, Chap. 3.Google Scholar
  12. Shapiro, L. (1950) Am. Dyestuff Report 39, no. 2, Proc. Am. Assoc. Textile Chemists Colorists, pp. 38–45, 62.Google Scholar
  13. Wingrave, J.A. (1981) Soap/Cosmetics/Chemical Specialties Nov, 33–40.Google Scholar
  14. Wrigley, A.N., Smith, F.D. and Stirton, A. (1957) J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 34, 39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Porter
    • 1
  1. 1.Maurice R. Porter & AssociatesCardiffUK

Personalised recommendations