Plant Virus Disease Control

  • W. A. Stevens
Part of the Tertiary Level Biology book series (TLB)

Abstract

Many plant pathogens, particularly fungi, can be controlled by the application of chemicals which interfere in some way with the metabolism of the invading pathogen, and so prevent or ameliorate disease. Unfortunately, these methods cannot be used so extensively to control plant viruses. Having few, if any, enzymes of their own, viruses depend either on enzymes already in host cells or on those that are induced as a result of infection. These enzymes are responsible for nucleic acid and protein synthesis, and chemical interruption of their activity disrupts similar enzymes essential for the normal functioning of cells. Chemical attack on viruses often results in death of cells and tissues and possibly of whole plants. Control measures other than direct chemical attack on the viral pathogen must be attempted. A knowledge of the identity of the invading virus or viruses, the source of infection and the means of viral transmission, allows control measures to be formulated. Prevention, or at least alleviation, of the effects of viruses, involves :
  1. (1)

    Elimination of sources of virus.

     
  2. (2)

    Elimination of the virus from infected plants.

     
  3. (3)

    Control of vectors.

     
  4. (4)

    Breeding for resistance and the use of cross-protection methods. Each of these approaches to control will be considered.

     

Keywords

Sugar Beet Cucumber Mosaic Virus Certification Scheme Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus Potato Leaf Roll Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. A. Stevens
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal Holloway CollegeUniversity of LondonUK

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