Geology and Physiography of the Continental Margin North of Alaska and Implications for the Origin of the Canada Basin

  • Arthur Grantz
  • Stephen Eittreim
  • Olive T. Whitney

Abstract

The continental margin north of Alaska is of Atlantic type. It began to form probably in early Jurassic time but possibly in middle early Cretaceous time, when the oceanic Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean is thought to have opened by rifting about a pole of rotation near the Mackenzie Delta. Offsets of the rift along two fracture zones are thought to have divided the Alaskan margin into three sectors of contrasting structure and stratigraphy. In the Barter Island sector on the east and the Chukchi sector on the west the rift was closer to the present northern Alaska mainland than in the Barrow sector, which lies between them. In the Barter Island and Chukchi sectors the continental shelf is underlain by prisms of clastic sedimentary rocks that are inferred to include thick sections of Jurassic and Neocomian (lower Lower Cretaceous) strata of southern provenance. In the intervening Barrow sector the shelf is underlain by relatively thin sections of Jurassic and Neocomian strata derived from northern sources that now lie beneath the outer continental shelf.

Keywords

Shelf Break Abyssal Plain Canada Basin Continental Rise Mackenzie Delta 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur Grantz
    • 1
  • Stephen Eittreim
    • 1
  • Olive T. Whitney
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyMenlo ParkUSA

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