Solution Growth

  • R. A. Laudise
Part of the Treatise on Solid State Chemistry book series (TSSC, volume 5)

Abstract

Crystal growth techniques can be classified into two broad groups—monocomponent and polycomponent methods.* In monocomponent methods only the chemical component forming the crystal is present in the growth system. In polycomponent methods an additional component has been added to the system. The usual reason for adding an additional component is to permit crystallization at a lower temperature than in a monocomponent system.† Among the reasons why crystallization at as low a temperature as possible is advantageous are: (1) to permit the direct growth of low-temperature polymorphs; (2) to avoid incongruent volatilization, incongruent melting, decomposition, or high vapor pressures at high temperature; (3) to minimize thermal gradients, strain caused by such gradients, and hence defects brought about by strain; (4) to reduce vacancy concentration; (5) to lower the solubility of impurities, to minimize reaction with containers, etc.; (6) to permit a dopant distribution impossible at a higher temperature (because of, for example, high dopant vapor pressure); and (7) for experimental convenience.

Keywords

Grown Crystal Solution Growth Yttrium Iron Garnet Flux Evaporation Flux Growth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Laudise
    • 1
  1. 1.Bell LaboratoriesMurray HillUSA

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