Crystal Growth from the Melt

  • J. R. Carruthers
Part of the Treatise on Solid State Chemistry book series (TSSC, volume 5)

Abstract

Growth from the melt by solidification is the most widely used method for the preparation of large single crystals. Increasingly large numbers of materials have been prepared as single crystals by melt growth techniques for many diverse applications in solid state and quantum electronics as well as for basic studies in solid state physics and chemistry. These applications have, in turn, yielded much fundamental information on the relation of growth variables to the physical properties of the various crystals. These relationships, together with independent studies of melt growth, have provided a very detailed understanding of the dynamics of the processes and, in recent years, have led to an increased degree of control of properties during crystal growth. This chapter will emphasize these recent advances in the control of crystal structure, composition, shape, and dimensions during melt growth because many future advances in electronics and optics will rely heavily on the ability to control properties over dimensions ranging from the atomic scale to the macroscopic size of the crystal itself.

Keywords

Crystal Growth Thermal Convection Diffusion Boundary Layer Solidification Isotherm Growth Interface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Carruthers
    • 1
  1. 1.Bell LaboratoriesMurray HillUSA

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