Offshore Deep Water Terminals

  • Gregory P. Tsinker

Abstract

The continuing worldwide demand for energy and raw materials creates a strong need for specialized bulk material ports able to accommodate a large deep draft vessel.

Keywords

Pile Group Foundation Soil Mooring Line Mooring System American Petroleum Institute 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Petroleum Institute, 1984. “Planning, Designing and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms.” API RP 2A.Google Scholar
  2. Andresen, A., Berre, T., Kleven, A. and Lunue, T., 1979. “Procedures Used to Obtain Soil Parameters for Foundation Engineering in the North Sea, Marine Geotechnique, Vol 3,’ No 3.Google Scholar
  3. Bishop, A. W. and Henkel, D. J.,’ 1962. Measurement of Soil Properties in the Triaxial Test,2nd ed. Edward Arnold Ltd., London.Google Scholar
  4. Bogard, J. D. and Matlock, H., 1977. “A Computer Program for the Analysis of Beam-Columns ’ Under Static Axial and Lateral Loads.” Proceedings 9th Annual Offshore Technology Conference, Paper No 2953, Vol. 3 Houston, TX.Google Scholar
  5. Bratteland, E., 1974. “A Survey on Acceptable Ship Movements in Harbours.” The Dock and Harbour Authority, Vol LV, No 647.Google Scholar
  6. Brunn,;P. 1989. Port Engineering, 4th ed. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, TX.Google Scholar
  7. BSI, 1975. Method of Test for Soils for Civil Engineering Purpose, Standard BSI377. British Standard Institution, London.Google Scholar
  8. Carrier, W. D. and Christian, J. T., 1973. “Rigid Circular Plate Resting on a Non-Homogenous Elastic Half-Space.” Geotechnique, Vol. 23, No 1.Google Scholar
  9. Chaney, R. A., 1991. “Sampling and Preparation of Marine Sediments.” Foundation Engineering Handbook, 2nd ed., Fang, H-Y (ed.). Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Chaney, R. C. and Demars, K. R., 1991. “Offshore Structure Foundations.” Foundation Engineering Handbook, 2nd ed., Fang, H-Y (ed.) Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Chesson, E., 1980. “Offshore Artificial Islands Energy Ports of the Future?” Proceedings ASCE Specialty Conference PORTS ‘80, Norfolk, VA.Google Scholar
  12. Dawson, T. H., 1983. Offshore Structural Engineering. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar
  13. EAU, 1990, Recommendations of the Committee for Waterfront Structures. Ernst and John, Berlin.Google Scholar
  14. Emery, K. O., 1969. “The Continental Shelves with Biographical Sketch.” Scientific American, Vol. 221, No 42.Google Scholar
  15. Ferguson, N. J., 1981. “Planning, Layout and Design of Bulk Terminals for Large Ships.” Proceedings 25th PIANC Congress, Vol. 3, S II, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  16. Focht, J. A., Jr. and Koch, K. J., 1973. “Rational Analysis of the Lateral Performance of Offshore Pile Groups.” Proceedings 5th Annual Offshore Technology Conference, Vol. 2, Paper No. 1896, Houston, TX.Google Scholar
  17. Foss, I., Dalhberg, R.,’ and Kvalstad, T., 1978. “Foundation Design of Gravity Structures with Respect to Failure in Cyclic Loading. Proceedings 10th Annual Offshore Technology Conference, Vol 1, Paper No 3114, Houston, TX.Google Scholar
  18. Gaythwaite, J. W., 1990. Design of Marine Facilities. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.Google Scholar
  19. Geise, J. M. and KoLK,’ H. J., 1983. “The Use of Submersibles for Geotechnical Investigations.” Proceedings of International Conference Jubtech ‘83, London.Google Scholar
  20. Gerwick, B. C., 1986; Construction of Offshore Structures. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  21. Hansen, J. B., 1970. ’ A Revised and Extended Formula for Bearing Capacity, Geoteknisk Institute Bulletin No 28. Danish Geotechnical Institute. Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  22. Headland, J. R., 1995. “Offshore Moorings.” Marine Structures Engineering Specialized Applications, Tsinker, G. P. (ed.) Chapman and Hall, New York.Google Scholar
  23. Husain, S. I., 1983. “Design and Full Scale Testing of Elastomeric Bridge Bearings for Trestle and Jetty Trestle of Super Tanker Offshore Terminal.” ASCE, Proceedings Specialty Conference PORTS ‘83, New Orleans, LA.Google Scholar
  24. Lambe, J. W.,1951. Soil Testing for Engineers. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  25. LeMahaute, B. L., 1977. “Wave Agitation Criteria for Harbors.” Proceedings ASCE Specialty Conference PORTS ‘77, Long Beach, CA.Google Scholar
  26. Lowe,: J., III and Zaccheo, P. F., 1991. “Subsurface Explorations and Sampling.” Foundation Engineering Handbook,2nd ed., Fang, H -Y (ed.). Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.Google Scholar
  27. Marlowe, L. H., 1995. “Computer Analysis of Terminal/Ship Mooring.” ASCE Proceedings Specialty Conference, PORTS ‘85, Tampa, FL.Google Scholar
  28. Matlock, H. and Reese, L. C., 1960. “Generalized Solutions for Laterally Loaded Piles.” ASCE Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundation Division, Vol. 86, No. SM5.Google Scholar
  29. Mcclelland, B., 1972. Techniques Used in Soil Sampling at Sea. Offshore, Vol. 32, No 3.Google Scholar
  30. Naval Facilities Engineering Command, 1986. “Fixed Moorings,” Design Manual 26. 4, Alexandria, VA.Google Scholar
  31. Noorany, I. and Seed, H. B., 1965. “In situ Strength Characteristics of Soft Clay.” ASCE Journal Soil Mechanics and Foundation Division, Vol. 91.Google Scholar
  32. Ocimf, 1978. Guidelines and Recommendations for Safe Mooring of Large Ships at Piers and Sea Islands. Witherby and Sons, London.Google Scholar
  33. Ociivif, 1992. Mooring Equipment Guidelines: Oil Companies International Marine Forum.Google Scholar
  34. Pianc, 1984. “Report of the International Commission for Improving the Design of Fender Systems,” Supplement to Bulletin No 45.Google Scholar
  35. Pianc, 1995. “Criteria for Movements of Moored Ships in Harbours, Supplement to Bulletin No 88.Google Scholar
  36. Poulos, H. G. and Davis; E. H., 1974. Elastic Solutions for Soil and Rock Mechanics. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  37. Quinn,A. DeF:; 1972. Design and Construction of Ports and Marine Structures,2nd ed. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.Google Scholar
  38. Reese, L. C. and Sullivan, W. R., 1977. Documentation of Computer Program COM624Ports I and I I Analysis of Stresses and Deflections for Laterally Loaded Piles, Including Generation of P-Y Curves. University of Texas, Austin.Google Scholar
  39. Skempton, A. W. and Sowa, V. A., 1963. “The Behavior of Saturated Clays During Sampling and Testing.” Geotechnique, Vol. 13, No 4.Google Scholar
  40. Slinn, P. J. B., 1979. “Effect of Ship Movement on Container Handling Rates.” The Dock and Harbour Authority, August.Google Scholar
  41. Soros, P. Koman, B. and Lubetkkin, B. M., 1986. “Innovative Bulk Ports in Latin America.” The Dock and Harbour Authority Vol. LXVII, No 785.Google Scholar
  42. Sugnv, L., 1983. “Conventional versus Offshore Loading and Unloading_” Indonesian Coal/ Lignite Deli-. and U.S. Technical Symposium, Jakarta, Indonesia.Google Scholar
  43. Sullivan, R. A., Wright, S. J.,and Sanner, D. W. F., 1980. “Evaluation of Design Parameters from Laboratory Tests.” Offshore Site In vestigation: Proceedings of a Conference held March, 1979,Graham and Trotman, London.Google Scholar
  44. TERMPOL Code, 2nd ed., 1983. Canadian Coast Guard, Ottawa.Google Scholar
  45. Thorensen, C. A:, 1988. Port Design. Tapir Pub-Ushers, Trondheim, Norway.Google Scholar
  46. Tsinker, G. P., 1995. Marine Structures Engineering: Specialized Applications. Chapman and Hall; New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Vrijling, J. K. and Oosting, J., 1985: “Probabilistic Design of Flexible Dolphins ” The Dock and Harbour Authority, September.Google Scholar
  48. Winterkorn, H. F. and Fang, H-Y, 1991. “Soil Technology and Engineering Properties of Soils.” Foundation Engineering Handbook, 2nd ed. Fang, H-F _(ed.). Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.Google Scholar
  49. Wright,J.,Child, T. J Rebel, J. M., and Roberton, J., 1987. “Port Bonython Jetty, South Australia.” Proceedings Institute Civil Engineering, Part 1.Google Scholar
  50. Yaron, S. L and Shimoni J 1982. “The’Hadera Offshore Coal Unloading Terminal: A New Approach to Unloading of Bulk in the Open Sea.” Proceedings of Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, TX.Google Scholar
  51. Youndale, J. E. and Shrivastava, S. M., 1986. “Design and Construction of Marine Facilities for Ridley Island Coal Terminal.” Proceedings Offshore Deep Water Terminals Asce Specialty Conference PORTS ‘86, Oakland, CA.Google Scholar
  52. Young, A. G., 1991. “Marine Foundation Studies.” Handbook of Coastal and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 2, Herbich, J. B. (ed.). Gulf Publishing House, Houston, TX.’Google Scholar
  53. Young, A. G., Kraft, L. M., Jr., and Focht, J. A. Jr., 1975. “Geotechnical Considerations in Foundation Design of Offshore Gravity Struc-tures.” Proceedings 7th Annual Offshore Technology Conference, Vol. 3, Paper No 2371, Houston, TX.Google Scholar
  54. Zonailo, G. W., 1992. “Bulk Commodity Terminals—Planning for the Future; Competitive and Environmental Challenges.” ASCE Proceedings Specialty Conference PORTS ’92, Seattle, WA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory P. Tsinker

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations